alternative

530
英音 [ɔːlˈtɜːnətɪv]   美音 [ɔːlˈtɜːrnətɪv]  
高中CET4CET6考研TOEFLIELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
adj.供选择的;选择性的;交替的
n.二中择一;供替代的选择
怎么记 纠错 +补充
词根alternate(v. 交替)+ive(形容词后缀)→alternative交替的
词根alter(…
单词例句
There was no other alternative but to fight till the victory.
除了战斗直到胜利,别无选择。
I had no alternative but to accept his offer.
我除了接受他的提议之外,别无选择。
There must be an alternative solution.
必须要有一个替代方案。
拓展记忆
alternative二者择一(的)(来自alternate交替,交替选择的方法)
alter, altern, ali=other, to change, 表示”其他的,改变状态”
alter变更,改变(alter其他的=变成(其它的))
alterable可改变的(alter+able能…的)
alteration改造,改变(alter+ation表名词)
alternation交互,交错(alternate+ion)
alternative二者择一(的)(来自alternate交替,交替选择的方法)
alien外国的,外来的(ali+en表形容词或名词=其他地方的=外国的,外国人的)
alienate疏远(alien外国的+ate=把别人当外国人=疏远)
辨析记忆
choice / alternative / preference / option / selection / election
这些名词均含有“选择”之意。
choice → 侧重指自由选择的权利或特权。
alternative → 指在相互排斥的两者之间作严格的选择,也可指在两者以上中进行选择。
preference → 侧重因偏见、爱好或判断等而进行选择。
option → 着重特别给予的选择权利或权力,所选物常常相互排斥。
selection → 指作广泛的选择,着重选择者的识别力或鉴赏力。
election → 强调目的和达到目的判断能力。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

四级Many of the reductions over the past 30 years have been achieved either by reducing the amount of sugar, salt or fat in a product, or by finding an alternative ingredient.

在过去30年中,通过减少产品中的糖、盐或脂肪含量,或通过寻找替代成分,实现了许多减少。

六级As for the meat, Smith says his grass-fed hamburger will be priced 20-25% over the conventional alternative.

至于肉,史密斯说他的草食汉堡包的价格将比传统汉堡高20-25%。

六级Customers can bring shoes of any brand into an Adidas store to be shredded and turned into alternative fuels for energy creation instead of being burned as trash.

顾客可以将任何品牌的鞋子带进阿迪达斯商店,将其粉碎,并将其转化为可替代的能源,而不是作为垃圾焚烧。

六级Even utility companies, which have long viewed batteries and alternative forms of energy as a threat, are learning to embrace the technologies as enabling rather than disrupting.

即使是长期以来一直将电池和替代能源视为威胁的公用事业公司,也在学习将这些技术视为一种使能而非破坏。

考研While traditional "paid" media – such as television commercials and print advertisements – still play a major role, companies today can exploit many alternative forms of media.

虽然传统的“付费”媒体——如电视广告和平面广告——仍然发挥着重要作用,但如今的公司可以利用多种替代形式的媒体。

六级One way of responding to your boss's suggestion is to explain the possible consequences to her and offer an alternative solution.

回应上司建议的一种方式是向她解释可能产生的后果,并提供另一种解决方案。

四级Energy and sustainability experts say the answer to our future energy needs will likely come from a lot solutions ons both traditional and alternative

能源和可持续发展专家表示,我们未来能源需求的答案可能来自于许多传统和替代能源的解决方案

四级But experts say that even when combined , alternative energy sources will likely meet only about 30% of the world's energy needs by

但专家表示,即使综合起来,到2020年,替代能源也可能只能满足世界能源需求的30%左右

四级Strength, softness and thickness remain the leading indicators of toilet paper quality, with just a small proportion of consumers preferring more luxurious alternatives, such as those with flower patterns or perfume,said Mintel analyst Jack Duckett.

Mintel分析师Jack Duckett表示,强度、柔软度和厚度仍然是厕纸质量的领先指标,只有一小部分消费者更喜欢更豪华的替代品,如带有花卉图案或香水的替代品。

考研While traditional “paid” media – such as television commercials and print advertisements – still play a major role, companies today can exploit many alternative forms of media.

虽然传统的“付费”媒体——如电视广告和平面广告——仍然发挥着重要作用,但如今的公司可以利用多种替代形式的媒体。

四级Already there are many alternative fuel vehicles on the market, powered by anything from solar power to natural gas.

市场上已经有许多替代燃料汽车,从太阳能到天然气,都可以提供动力。

六级with fertilizer prices jumping nearly 50% per metric ton over the last year in some places, human waste is an attractive, and often necessary, alternative.

在一些地方,化肥价格比去年每公吨上涨了近50%,人类粪便是一种有吸引力的、而且经常是必要的替代品。

考研There is no doubt of the alternative–the corrupted landscapes of southern Portugal, Spain or Ireland.

毫无疑问,还有另一种选择——葡萄牙南部、西班牙或爱尔兰的腐败景观。

六级Confronted with such facts,some Swedish activists and legislators are demanding more extreme and far-reaching measures, such as replacing male and female pronouns with a neutral alternative and monitoring children more closely to correct them when they gravitate(被吸引) toward gendered play.

面对这些事实,一些瑞典活动家和立法者要求采取更极端、影响更深远的措施,比如用中性替代词取代男性和女性代词,并更密切地监控儿童,以便在他们被吸引时纠正他们(被吸引) 走向性别游戏。

四级They prove to be a good alternative to petroleum.

它们被证明是石油的良好替代品。

高考But alternative explanations are hard to find.

但很难找到其他解释。

四级But as we all know, of all these alternative fuel vehicles, the most practical are electric vehicles

但我们都知道,在所有这些替代燃料汽车中,最实用的是电动汽车

六级I suspect that some experts in the field will be keen to address alternative explanations, such as unassessed variables playing a role in the well-being decline.

我怀疑该领域的一些专家会热衷于解决其他解释,比如在幸福感下降中起作用的未评估变量。

四级For example, even with significantinvestments, such as the $93 million for wind energy development included in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, important alternative energy sources such as wind and bio-fuels comprise only about 1% of the market today

例如,即使有重大投资,如《美国复苏和再投资法案》中包含的9300万美元风能开发,重要的替代能源,如风能和生物燃料,也只占当今市场的1%左右

四级And it includes alternative schools with students selected by lottery(抽签),such as H-B Wood lawn in Arlington, Va.

它还包括通过抽签选择学生的替代学校(抽签),比如弗吉尼亚州阿灵顿的H-B木草坪。

*********************
QQ交流群:747736627
*********************
×
我来纠错
英语单词:

alternative

助记类别: 谐音 词根 词缀 对比 联想 口诀 其他
详细内容:
请确保信息质量,内容符合帮助和规范。重复信息和低质量信息无法获得通过。
验证码: