monopoly 

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CET6考研GRETOEFLIELTS
单词释义
n.垄断,专营服务,被垄断的商品(或服务),独占,专利,专利品,“大富翁”(棋类游戏,游戏者以玩具钞票买卖房地产)
词根词缀记忆/谐音联想记忆 补充/纠错
词根mono-单调,单一的 + poly-多的, …………
其他怎么记补充/纠错
谐音记忆莫拿跑了,不要拿着所有的跑了,垄断
词性拓展记忆 / 词形拓展记忆
原形:monopoly复数:monopolies
词根记忆 / 词缀记忆
monopoly垄断(mono+poly=独家卖=垄断)
mono-表示”单个,一个”
monarch君主,独裁者(mon+arch统治者=一个统治者)
monogamy 一夫一妻制(mono+gamy婚姻)
monologue独白(mono+lo …………
词组和短语补充/纠错
bilateral monopoly 双边垄断
perfect monopoly 完全垄断
natural monopoly 自然垄断
have a monopoly over 垄断
monopoly of education 教育垄断
monopoly in sth. 垄断某物
monopoly of sth. 垄断某物
monopoly on sth. 垄断某物
monopoly and oligopoly 垄断和寡头垄断
loss of monopoly 垄断的丧失
have monopoly on sth. 垄断某物
have monopoly over sth. 垄断某物
break regional blockades and trade monopolies 打破地区封锁和贸易垄断
have a monopoly over sth. 垄断某物
break the monopoly 打破垄断
单词例句
In China, the railway market is a monopoly.
在中国,铁路市场是被垄断的。
Scientific achievement is not one person monopoly.
科学上的成就不是一个人的专利。
Man do not have a monopoly on feelings of betrayal.
背叛感并非是男人独有的。
In monopoly, players roll the dice to move around the board, buying and developing properties, and collecting rent from their opponents.
在大富翁游戏中,玩家掷骰子移动棋子,在棋盘上购买和开发地产,并向对手收取租金。
The player with the most money at the end of the game wins Monopoly.
游戏结束时拥有最多钱的玩家赢得大富翁游戏。
You can use your Chance or Community Chest cards to gain advantages or avoid penalties in Monopoly.
在游戏中,你可以使用机会或社区chest卡来获得优势或避免惩罚。
To start, each player places their token on the GO space in Monopoly.
开始时,每个玩家将他们的棋子放在大富翁游戏的"起点"格子。
If you land on an opponent's property, you must pay them rent according to the price on the card.
如果你落在对手的地产上,你需要按照卡片上的价格支付租金。
You can build houses and hotels on your properties to increase their value and earn more rent in Monopoly.
你可以在自己的地产上建造房屋和酒店,以提高其价值并赚取更多租金。
A 'Get Out of Jail Free' card allows you to skip jail without paying the fine in Monopoly.
一张"免费离开监狱"卡允许你在不支付罚款的情况下离开监狱。
The utility companies, like Electric Company and Water Works, are highly sought-after properties in Monopoly.
像电力公司和水务公司这样的公共设施是大富翁游戏中非常抢手的地产。
Players can mortgage their properties to get cash, but they risk losing them if they can't pay back the loan.
玩家可以抵押他们的地产换取现金,但如果无法偿还贷款,就有可能失去它们。
The goal of Monopoly is to become the wealthiest player by buying properties, developing them, and outmaneuvering your opponents.
大富翁的目标是通过购买地产、发展它们并击败对手,成为最富有的玩家。
The major revamp of Ant includes disconnecting its payment app Alipay from sister credit products like Huabei and Jiebei, ending its monopoly on information collection, and improving management of liquidity risks of important fund products.
蚂蚁集团的重大改革包括将其支付应用支付宝与花贝和结贝等姊妹信贷产品断开连接,结束其对信息收集的垄断,以及加强对重要基金产品流动性风险的管理。
Since the establishment of KJM in 2010, Zhu and his team have been dreaming of breaking the tech monopoly of major players in manufacturing electronic products, including projectors, digital photo frames, DVD/projector combos, and tablets.
自2010年KJM成立以来,朱和他的团队一直梦想着打破主要制造商在制造电子产品方面的技术垄断,包括投影仪、数码相框、DVD/投影仪组合和平板电脑。
The major revamp of Ant includes disconnecting its payment app Alipay from sister credit products like Huabei and Jiebei, ending its monopoly on information collection, improving managing liquidity risks of important fund products and reducing the balance of its money market fund Yu'ebao.
蚂蚁的重大改革包括将其支付应用支付宝与花贝和结贝等姊妹信贷产品断开连接,结束其对信息收集的垄断,改善重要基金产品的流动性风险管理,并减少其货币市场基金余额宝的余额。
To promote their sound development, digital companies should consider whether they have taken measures to prevent monopoly and make more efforts to enable the entire industrial chain using the capabilities they have built during the process of growing into platforms, apart from focusing on core areas of their business.
为了促进其健康发展,数字公司除了专注于其业务的核心领域外,还应考虑是否采取了防止垄断的措施,并利用其在成长为平台的过程中建立的能力,做出更多努力,使整个产业链成为可能。
The market body said the companies did not declare the concentration of business operators, a practice through which one company obtains control over another which may lead to monopoly, but all these cases were "past transactions".
该市场机构表示,这些公司没有宣布经营者集中,一家公司通过这种做法获得对另一家公司的控制权,这可能导致垄断,但所有这些案件都是“过去的交易”。
In May, the State Administration for Market Regulation also investigated the pay-to-read database for suspected monopoly.
今年5月,国家市场监管总局还对付费阅读数据库涉嫌垄断进行了调查。
Major revamps on Ant include disconnecting its payment app Alipay from sister credit products like Huabei and Jiebei, ending its monopoly on information collection, improving managing liquidity risks of important fund products and reducing the balance of its money market fund Yu'EBao.
蚂蚁的主要改革包括将其支付应用支付宝与花贝和结贝等姊妹信贷产品断开连接,结束其对信息收集的垄断,改善重要基金产品的流动性风险管理,并减少其货币市场基金余额宝的余额。
The concentration of business operators is that a business operator obtains control over another in the same business, which may lead to monopoly.
经营者集中是指一个经营者在同一业务中获得对另一经营者的控制权,从而可能导致垄断。
Move seen as a further step to tear down walls among internet giantsWeChat, the popular messaging app of Tencent Holdings Ltd, is allowing users to directly access external links in one-on-one chats, the latest answer to Beijing's call to end monopoly and enhance connectivity among internet companies.
此举被视为打破互联网巨头壁垒的又一步。腾讯控股有限公司旗下广受欢迎的消息应用微信允许用户在一对一聊天中直接访问外部链接,这是对北京要求结束垄断并加强互联网公司连接的最新回应。
Chinese regulators have pledged to rein in such business practices derived from the growing monopoly among China's top-performing internet companies.
中国监管机构已承诺控制此类商业行为,这些行为源于中国表现最好的互联网公司日益增长的垄断。
Concentration of business operators means that a business operator obtains control over another in the same business, which may lead to monopoly.
经营者集中是指一个经营者在同一业务中对另一个经营者取得控制权,从而可能导致垄断。
The debut of this product filled the gap in the domestic market of high-power wind turbine main shaft bearings, and broke the long-term monopoly of foreign bearing companies in the field, information released by Sinomach said.
国机发布的消息称,该产品的首次亮相填补了国内大功率风机主轴轴承市场的空白,打破了国外轴承公司在该领域的长期垄断。
The move comes as Chinese regulators rein in monopoly and encourage the interconnection of payment interfaces and data flow among internet companies.
Zhong Gang, executive director of the Competition Law Research Institute at East China University of Political Science and Law, added that the Meituan case proved that the country's antitrust rules and regulations are becoming clearer and more reasonable, especially in the delimitation of monopoly behavior and market dominance.
Li Chao, chief analyst at Zheshang Securities, said that a group of global, cross-regional and multidimensional internet and technology companies have used their exclusive advantages to accumulate a large amount of capital to form a monopoly, which has suppressed upstream and downstream companies as well as small and medium-sized enterprises.
In the case, which has been ongoing since January 2005, some US companies accused four major vitamin C producers in China, including Hebei Welcome, of price collusion and the formation of a monopoly, and requested compensation of 1.57 billion yuan ($242 million).
The case started in January 2005, when some US merchants accused the vitamin C producers of price collusion and monopoly, and requested 1.57 billion yuan ($242 million) in compensation.
"Such behavior should be seen as a monopoly as it violates the interests of consumers.
Acting on information, China's State Administration for Market Regulation has started investigation on Alibaba Group for alleged monopoly conduct including implementing an "exclusive dealing agreement. "
While the acquisitions were not reported, the government said the investigations failed to establish a prospective monopoly under the law, and found no de facto elimination or restriction of competition.
While some enterprises have failed to guard against monopoly risks, it doesn't necessarily mean that similar mergers and acquisitions would be banned in a one-size-fits-all approach, Hu said.
(The successful grid connection) indicates that China has broken the monopoly of overseas nuclear technology and has officially become a country with advanced nuclear techniques.
All these efforts are aimed to instill new vitality to boost the group's earning ability and further cut previous administrative and monopoly roles to better adapt to the new changes and new market environment brought by China's reform in the salt industry, said Li Yaoqiang, chairman of the Beijing-headquartered group.
He noted that the energy industry has the property of a natural monopoly, and the previous oil and gas system and power system can no longer meet the needs of market development.
BEIJING/CHONGQING -- China's State Administration for Market Regulation announced Wednesday that it has imposed a fine of 162.8 million yuan (about $23.6 million) on automaker Changan Ford Automobile Co Ltd for implementing vertical monopoly agreements.
Among the barriers to regulation that Zuboff and other critics cite is the fact that the resources of the tech giants, and their monopoly on the vast amount of data they hold, far exceed the resources of those seeking to keep them in check.
"Mark's power is unprecedented and un-American," Hughes wrote, calling Facebook "a powerful monopoly, eclipsing all of its rivals and erasing competition from the social networking category".
In a statement, Apple said the App Store "is not a monopoly by any metric".
In an opinion note published by The New York Times Saturday, Clegg rejected an earlier statement by Facebook co-founder Chris Hughes, who urged federal regulators to break up Facebook for being "a monopoly" that limits competition and holds back innovation.
Last month, Sweden's Ericsson and former Italian state telecommunications monopoly Telecom Italia inaugurated Italy's first 5G-connected airport at Rome's Fiumicino, the country's largest.
Apple had alleged that Qualcomm's patent practices were an illegal move to maintain a monopoly on the market for premium modem chips that connect smart phones to wireless data networks.
"From breaking the monopoly of technology by overseas market players to standing at the international forefront in the industry, we shouldered not only the corporate responsibility but also the country's mission," said Jiang Yan, assistant chief engineer of the company.
"We have been adjusting our strategy since the first half of 2017, and adopted a differentiated strategy as DJI almost has a monopoly on the consumer drone market that has been experiencing a slow growth rate over the last two years," Yang said.
Li Jin, chief researcher at the China Enterprise Research Institute, said breaking the monopoly and boosting competitiveness is the key to China's SOE reform.
me, calling for a halt to behavior suspected to be unfair competition and monopoly.
Currently, Samsung holds a monopoly position in the field of memory storage chips.
Currently, Samsung holds a monopoly position in the field of storage chips.
The export of the machine produced by Tianhe Mechanical Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd based in East China's Jiangsu province will break the monopoly of ultra-large tunneling equipment by developed countries in the exports, according to Zhou Jun, chief engineer with the Chinese firm.
"It means the end of an era that saw the monopoly of foreign manufacturers. "
"Even though it is still at an early stage, central SOEs will face issues including monopoly and the placement of employees during the process of mixed ownership reform.
"As for the monopoly issue, we cannot expect it to be solved in the short term.
"We always target countries that have a monopoly app without the best conditions for drivers and passengers," Taxify chief executive Markus Villig said.
One year later, at the age of 51, Yan resigned from his US job, came back to China and partnered with a domestic company to found Raycus, which has developed into a leading developer and manufacturer of high-powered fiber laser and core components in China, breaking the American monopoly in the sector.
"Being more efficient and less expensive in producing power, Chinese enterprises can break Japan's monopoly in coal-rich Indonesia's power generation sector, Han added.
By 2019 the state-controlled company will lose its monopoly status.
In response, Sinopec signed long-term supply deals with domestic maritime companies in 2009, aiming to break the monopoly.
One such group is Inner Mongolia Yili Industrial Group Co, China's biggest dairy company, which according to analysts has broken the previous monopoly held by international companies in the dairy market and continued to increase its brand value.
The US still wields monopoly power and resorts to arbitrary trade and investment restrictions in the name of "national security" to suppress and contain China's rise as a global technological powerhouse and maintain its own technological hegemony, Li said.
Moreover, the expo opens door to innovation and technological development, not only in China, but also in most countries, he said, "because everyone realizes that China welcomes any partner working with it inside or outside the Chinese market, and this is what distinguishes China, as it believes in win-win strategy and rejects monopoly and exploitation.
According to the State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR), the market regulator investigated and dealt with 175 monopoly cases last year, up 61.5 percent year-on-year, and fined companies with monopolistic behaviors 23.59 billion yuan ($3.49 billion) in total.
Data monopoly will be preempted as the country will work to develop a unified domestic market of productivity factors and resources, including data, land, labor, capital, technology, energy and the environment.
"Currently, most of the leading companies or platforms, especially from the internet sector, have cultivated a massive chunk of users and enjoy a sort of monopoly in data collection and use.
Yi said, "A flexible policy to curb data monopoly will help China to gain an edge in global competitiveness, especially as economies like the United States and Europe have already started to leverage their data.
- China investigated and dealt with 175 cases of monopoly in 2021 amid efforts to strengthen the crackdown on monopolistic conduct and promote fair competition, said the country's top market regulator.
Last year, the number of monopoly cases handled by the country soared 61.5 percent from 2020, according to a report released by the State Administration for Market Regulation.
The State Administration for Market Regulation, China's top market regulator, investigated and dealt with 175 monopoly cases last year, up 61.5 percent year-on-year, and fined companies practicing monopolistic behavior and other anti-market practices 23.59 billion yuan ($3.53 billion) in total, according to the SAMR's latest annual report on antitrust law enforcement.
According to Pu, over the past 10 years, the market regulator has investigated a total of 195 monopoly cases and 82 cases involving the abuse of dominant market position.
The newly released guideline also highlighted the importance of preventing data monopoly, saying that the country will work to develop a unified domestic market of productivity factors and resources including data, land, labor, capital, technology, energy and the environment.
Currently, most of the leading companies or platforms, especially from the internet sector, have cultivated a massive chunk of users and enjoy a sort of monopoly in data collection and use.
"Taking stronger actions against monopoly will help prevent disorderly expansion of capital, its unchecked growth and speculation in the market.
According to him, to further improve the regulation and refine government services, the Chinese government is opposed to monopoly and unfair or illegitimate competition, and it will prevent the unregulated expansion of capital.
The report said the government has been strengthened by the surplus profits of State-owned financial institutions and State monopoly business operations in recent years.
"One of the main goals of antitrust efforts over the past year is to offer timely responses to monopoly cases that are related to platform-based companies and the overall sector," said Sun Jin, director of the Competition Law and Policy Research Center at Wuhan University.
Efforts should be made to complete missions laid out in the three-year action plan for state-owned enterprises reform and steadily advance reforms in natural monopoly industries including power grids and railways, the document said.
He added that with the new move, the antimonopoly bureau can integrate more resources when dealing with monopoly cases, especially when examining mergers and acquisitions.
At the same time, some internet platform companies rely on their global monopoly status to damage the legitimate rights and interests of users and citizens.
"One of the main goals of recent antitrust efforts is to offer timely responses to monopoly cases that are related to platform-based companies and the overall sector," said Sun Jin, director of the Competition Law and Policy Research Center at Wuhan University, who participated in the proceedings relating to the proposed amendment to the Antimonopoly Law.
Improvements to the monitoring, evaluation and early warning system for market competition, and strengthening of research, identification and early warning of monopoly and competition disorder risks are on top of the agenda, he said.
Efforts will be made to strictly investigate and punish monopolistic agreements, abuse of market dominance and other monopoly behaviors, as per the law.
Since 2018, the administration has dealt with 345 monopoly cases, 37,000 unfair competition cases, 118,000 price violation cases and 1,920 business concentration cases.
They are also prohibited from organizing other parties to form monopoly agreements, or provide assistance to help them reach monopoly agreements.
We will continue to earnestly implement the Foreign Investment Law and its supporting regulations, intensify efforts against monopoly and unfair competition in accordance with law, resolutely combat intellectual property violations, and foster a level playing field where all businesses, both domestic and foreign-invested ones, are treated as equals.
Since 2018, related authorities have invested and dealt with 332 monopoly cases and 36,000 cases involving unfair competition, Zhang said.
To create a market-oriented business environment, efforts should be made to streamline administrative approval procedures, formulate a new negative list for market entry, and tighten regulation over monopoly conduct and unfair market competition, it said.
The meeting urged stronger law enforcement against monopoly and unfair competition.
Irregularities such as making and executing monopoly deals, spreading false information, price gouging and hoarding will be dealt with to the full extent of the law and brought to light.
Any monopoly and hoarding will be cracked down upon under the law to step up market regulation," Li said.
Apart from common offenses including false promotion, unlawful pricing and intellectual property infringement, the platform has paid heed to potential monopoly cases such as firms using big data to target different consumer groups with different prices for the same products.
We stand firmly against monopoly and unfair competition.
"We should make regulations to prevent this kind of monopoly and abuse of personal data," Chen said.
Based on its powerful domestic market, China will connect various links in the economy, including production, allocation, circulation and consumption, break up the monopoly or oligopoly in certain industries, and bring local protection to an end, to establish a virtuous circle of the national economy.
Besides, it also attaches great importance of copyrights on TV programs, unfair competition and monopoly, in a move to create an open market environment based on order and standardization.
Yao said pioneering manufacturing enterprises empowering the medical device sector helps the sector break the foreign monopoly, make up for industrial chain weaknesses and realize high-end development.
"The brokerage service charges are running high in major metropolises such as Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou and Shenzhen in Guangdong province, and in some cities, there can still be a certain monopoly, though things are getting better these days," Yin said.
Before, international brands almost occupied a monopoly position in the domestic market.
"The launch of the product has broken the monopoly of foreign-developed high-level flight simulatorsxa0platforms in the China market.
For instance, Wang and her team developed a concentrated lactalbumin, or whey protein, production technology — a crucial element for infant and baby formula products — breaking the technology monopoly of foreign companies.
Specifically, the rise of domestic innovative enterprises offers more high-quality products and solutions for the industry, breaking the trend of an absolute monopoly of imported brands, he said.
cn, in terms of laser cosmetic devices, a subcategory of the non-surgical sector, domestic enterprises are making efforts to catch up, and they are about to break the import monopoly and realize domestic substitution in the high-end market.
On the other hand, Li-Ning's strategy of playing up Chinese characteristics in its products and designs and its ambition to break the monopoly of Western brands in terms of fashion design seems to have begun to make a difference, as younger Chinese consumers are more inclined to products with strong Chinese cultural element, said Yi Fan, a senior analyst from market research firm MKT Index.
A batch of new anchors represented by Dong from New Oriental, which features a refreshing style that combines disseminating knowledge and selling goods at the same time, has gained increasing popularity among the younger generation and is expected to break the monopoly of one or two top-notch influencers in the e-commerce livestreaming sector, Cui said.
A national electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) trading management platform will be launched on June 15, according to China's State Tobacco Monopoly Administration.
Last month, the State Tobacco Monopoly Administration issued a regulation that aims to strengthen supervision on e-cigarettes.
Liu Wuhua, CEO of Yangfan Chuhai, a service provider for Chinese internet firms' global expansion, said, the charm of overseas market lies in that it is a diversified region, not a monopoly of a large firm, which leaves space and chances for smaller firms.
Related authorities dealt with 176 monopoly cases and imposed fines totaling 23.59 billion yuan ($3.7 billion) in 2021.
China's State Tobacco Monopoly Administration has issued a regulation that aims to strengthen supervision on electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes).
In recent years, Chinese AED manufacturers have been ramping up efforts to break the import monopoly.
The three departments have asked platform-based internet companies to strictly prevent any disorderly expansion of capital to ensure economic and social security; strictly prevent monopoly and disorder to ensure fair competition; strictly prevent technology strangulation to ensure innovation and development of the industry; strictly prevent the abuse of rules and algorithms to ensure the legitimate rights and interests of all parties, and strictly prevent system closure to ensure ecological opening and sharing.
There aren't any monopoly department stores taking top market positions yet," Wang said.
These efforts aim to boost SOEs' earning ability and further cut their administrative and monopoly roles to better adapt to the changing market environment, said Fan Zhi, director of the corporate reform office at Beijing-based China National Salt Industry Group, the country's biggest table salt maker.
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)
全部
考研
四级

考研So disciplines acquire a monopoly not just over the production of knowledge, but also over the production of the producers of knowledge.

因此,学科不仅垄断了知识的生产,而且垄断了知识生产者的生产。

2011年考研阅读原文

考研What matters is that they will belong to a private monopoly which developed them using public resources.

重要的是,它们将属于一个利用公共资源开发它们的私人垄断企业。

2018年考研阅读原文

四级Competition protects the freedom of the individual by ensuring that there is no monopoly (垄断) of power.

竞争通过确保不存在垄断来保护个人的自由(垄断) 权力。

1999年1月大学英语四级(CET-4)真题

四级A contrast is often made between business, which is competitive, and government, which si a monopoly.

商业是有竞争力的,政府是垄断的,两者之间经常形成对比。

1999年1月大学英语四级(CET-4)真题

四级” The electric company, whose monopoly may be short-lived, has suddenly mopped requiring users to wait half a day for a repairman.

这家电力公司的垄断可能是短暂的,但它突然取消了要求用户等半天修理工的规定。

2003年1月大学英语四级(CET-4)真题

四级"When we talk about the access code we see it as the new face of the textbook monopoly (垄断), a new way to lock students around this system," said Ethan Senack, the higher education advocate for the U. S. Public Interest Research Group, to BuzzFeed News.

“当我们谈论访问代码时,我们将其视为教科书垄断的新面孔(垄断), 美国公共利益研究小组的高等教育倡导者Ethan Senack在接受BuzzFeed新闻采访时表示。

2018年6月大学英语四级真题(第1套)

考研A granted patent is the result of a bargain struck between an inventor and the state, by which the inventor gets a limited period of monopoly (垄断) and publishes full details of his invention to the public after that period terminates.

授予的专利是发明人与国家达成协议的结果,通过该协议,发明人获得有限的垄断期(垄断) 并在该期限结束后向公众公布其发明的全部细节。

1993年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题

考研In recent years, railroads have been combining with each other, merging into supersystems, causing heightened concerns about monopoly.

近年来,铁路相互结合,合并成超级系统,引起了人们对垄断的高度担忧。

2003年全国攻读硕士学位研究生入学考试英语试题

考研Any threat of monopoly, they argue, is removed by fierce competition from trucks.

他们认为,来自卡车的激烈竞争消除了任何垄断威胁。

2003年全国攻读硕士学位研究生入学考试英语试题

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