assumption 

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高中CET4CET6考研GRETOEFLIELTS
单词释义
n.假定,假设,(责任的)承担,担任,(权力的)获得
词根词缀记忆/谐音联想记忆 补充/纠错
词根as 表加强 + sumpt 拿,取 + ion,a …………
其他怎么记补充/纠错
词源记忆约1300年,“纯洁的圣母玛利亚升入天堂”,也是纪念这一节日的教会节日(8月15日),“升天节”,源自古法语 …………
词性拓展记忆 / 词形拓展记忆
原形:assumption复数:assumptions
对比记忆 / 类比记忆 / 形近词记忆
词根记忆 / 词缀记忆
assumption n 假设,承担(as+sumpt+ion)
sum, sumpt = take 表示”拿,取”
consume v 消费,吃光(con全部+sum+c=全部拿光=消费)
consumer n 消费者(consume消费+er人) …………
词组和短语补充/纠错
take an assumption 假设
regularity assumption 正则性假设
justify an assumption 证明一个假设是正确的
make any assumptions about ... 对…做任何假设...
单词例句
It is very likely that your assumption is wrong.
很有可能,你的假定是错的.
They are based on wrong assumptions.
它们基于错误的假设。
It can’t make that assumption without approval of the user!
没有经过用户同意,它不能胡乱猜测!”
It is a common assumption that the earth is flat, but scientific evidence proves otherwise.
这是一个普遍的假设,认为地球是平的,但科学证据证明并非如此。
The assumption that all students learn at the same pace can hinder effective teaching.
假设所有学生学习速度相同可能会阻碍有效的教学。
Her assumption that he would agree led to a tense conversation.
她以为他会同意,这导致了紧张的对话。
In business, it's often assumed that higher prices equate to better quality.
商业中,通常认为更高的价格意味着更好的质量。
Under no circumstances should we make assumptions about someone's abilities based on their appearance.
绝不能根据外表就对某人的能力做出假设。
Educators often assume that technology will solve all learning problems.
教育者常常假设技术能解决所有的学习问题。
The assumption of innocence until proven guilty is a cornerstone of our legal system.
无罪推定是我们法律体系的基本原则。
He made an assumption that the project would be completed on time, which turned out to be incorrect.
他假设项目会按时完成,结果证明这是错误的。
Her assumption that the job was secure led her to accept lower pay initially.
她以为工作很稳定,所以最初接受了较低的薪水。
It's an assumption that children learn best through play; research suggests they also benefit from structured activities.
认为孩子通过玩耍最好地学习是一个假设;研究表明他们也从结构化的活动中获益。
Gao Yonggang, chief financial officer of SMIC, said the company expects 2021 revenue to see mid-to-high single-digit percentage growth, on the assumption that its operational continuity is not significantly affected.
"I actually don't agree with that assumption that the Chinese companies would not resist the request of the Chinese government (to send data back to China)," Orlins said at a recent webinar hosted by his organization.
"In an opinion piece in The Washington Post, financial affairs author Zachary Karabell wrote, "The quest against Huawei is a ridiculous overreach — predicated on an assumption that the US can dictate how foreign competitors conduct business.
In an opinion piece in The Washington Post, author Zachary Karabell wrote that "the quest against Huawei is a ridiculous overreach — predicated on an assumption that the United States can dictate how foreign competitors conduct business".
That's the assumption that shapes the common practice among food-court vendors of preparing orders in the shortest possible time and at the lowest possible cost.
The value of the all-cash transaction is approximately $2.8 billion, including the assumption of debts and the company assets.
"On the assumption of continuing strong demand for a2 Platinum infant formula and production deliveries achieved consistent with the revised production schedule, the company is now expecting infant formula sales for the second half (of 2017) to exceed sales achieved in first half.
At present, many macro and financial forecasts are made on the assumption that no new major geopolitical conflicts will break out, but there are relatively large uncertainties in other regions.
The country's GDP will grow by 5.6 percent year-on-year in 2023 under an assumption of export slowdown, said Guo Lei, chief economist at GF Securities.
"Against this backdrop, growth is projected at 3.2 percent for 2022, increasing to 4.4 percent in 2023 and 2024, under the assumption that the current zero-COVID strategy will be gradually and safely lifted in the second half of 2023," she said.
The goodwill assumption that commitment means access will greatly stimulate market vitality," said Kuang Xianming, director of the economic research center at the Haikou-based China Institute for Reform and Development, a leading think tank on the nation's reform and opening-up.
The rates were lower than expected levels given an assumption that the country's potential full-year economic growth rate is 6 percent.
Under that assumption, taking the GDP level in the fourth quarter of 2019 before the outbreak of the pandemic as the starting point, the first quarter real GDP growth rate should be 19.1 percent, and the rate for the second quarter should be 8.3 percent at least to make sure growth returns to pre-pandemic levels.
In a research report, New York investment bank Goldman Sachs said, "Our baseline assumption is the Covid-19 virus becomes widespread but is relatively short-lived.
"There has always been an assumption that when the oil price collapses the world is going to become a darker place, whether that is driven by the demand side or supply side," he told the newspaper.
Citing figures from Frost & Sullivan, the report made the assumption based on the fact 16.29 million cosmetic procedures happened in China in 2017 with an yearly growth of 26.4 percent, while the United States had 16.34 million cosmetic procedures — the most in the world in 2017 — with only a yearly growth of 3.9 percent.
This is also in accordance with forecasts from Sinopec's and China National Petroleum Corp's research institutes, which expect oil demand growth will slow from more than 5 percent in 2017 to over 4 percent in 2018, based on the assumption that China's GDP will grow 6.7 percent in 2018, slower than 6.9 percent in 2017.
But to believe BMW cannot compete in this new segment is clearly a wrong assumption," he said.
Duesmann's assumption of responsibility for the China business further shows Audi's ambition in the country.
The German automotive supplier's planning was now based on the assumption that automobile production "will stagnate in the coming years, unlike in the past when it almost always went up," according to Denner.
"Contrary to the assumption underlying the investigation on import vehicles, the US auto industry is thriving.
When auto lenders lease out vehicles, they charge the customer a monthly payment and make an assumption of the car or truck's value when it will be returned and re-sold as used.
"On the monetary policy front, our baseline assumption expects the PBOC to keep policy rates and the reserve requirement ratio unchanged for the rest of the year, but the decision could be data dependent," said Zhu Haibin, JPMorgan's chief China economist.
"If I leave it in the bank with the assumption that the high interest income will continue, I know I'd be proven wrong, so I feel reluctant.
The theory of value investing is based on the assumption that you find value in the company and the industry.
China issued new rules to strengthen the regulation of institutional sellers of wealth management products, requiring relevant financial institutions to take responsibilities for WMP sales and management, and shatter the assumption that risky investments carry implicit guarantees from the government and banks.
In a research report, investment bank Goldman Sachs wrote: "Our baseline assumption is the Covid-19 virus becomes widespread but is relatively short-lived.
If trade tensions escalate, Moody's assumption is that the Chinese authorities will respond by providing policy support.
"The A1 rating reflects Moody's assumption that, while it is likely to be tested periodically, the effectiveness of China's policy and its financial capacity to maintain economic and financial stability will remain," the rating agency said.
"The yuan has been influenced by market forces just like any other currency for a very long time now, and any assumption that China could be, for whatever reason, deliberately influencing its currency is very wide of the mark," said Jameel Ahmad, global head of currency strategy and market research at FXTM, a global foreign exchange platform.
"Our stock pick for the sector rests on the critical assumption that China's luxury market is recovering healthily, as consumption upgrade demand from the middle class supports sustainable growth," Li said.
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)
全部
四级
考研
高考
六级

四级The assumption is that children shouldn't chat in the classroom because it hinders hard work; instead, they should learn to delay gratification ( ' , 快乐 ) so that they can pursue abstract goals, like going to college.

假设是孩子们不应该在教室里聊天,因为这会妨碍努力学习;相反,他们应该学会延迟满足(“,快乐 ) 这样他们就可以追求抽象的目标,比如上大学。

2015年12月阅读原文

四级The assumption is that children shouldn't chat in the classroom because it hinders hard work; instead, they should learn to delay gratification so that they can pursue abstract goals, like going to college.

假设是孩子们不应该在教室里聊天,因为这会妨碍努力学习;相反,他们应该学会延迟满足感,这样才能追求抽象的目标,比如上大学。

2015年12月四级真题(第一套)阅读 Section B

考研This is the famed citation index, that is to say the number of times a paper has been quoted elsewhere in the scientific literature, the assumption being that an important paper will be cited more often than one of small account.

这是著名的引文索引,也就是说一篇论文在科学文献中被引用的次数,假设一篇重要的论文被引用的次数比一篇小论文要多。

2020年考研真题(英语一)翻译 Section Ⅲ

考研Allen‘s contribution was to take an assumption we all share-that because we are not robots we therefore control our thoughts-and reveal its erroneous nature.

艾伦的贡献是假设我们都同意,因为我们不是机器人,所以我们可以控制我们的思想并揭示它的错误本质。

2011年考研翻译原文

高考An assumption behind UK insurance for driverless cars, introduced earlier this year, insists that a human "be watchful and monitoring the road" at every moment.

今年早些时候推出的英国无人驾驶汽车保险背后的一个假设,坚持认为人类“时刻保持警惕并监控道路”。

2017年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

考研California has asked the justices to refrain from a sweeping ruling particularly one that upsets the old assumption that authorities may search through the possessions of suspects at the time of their arrest.

加利福尼亚州已要求大法官避免作出全面裁决,特别是一项推翻了当局可能在嫌疑人被捕时搜查其财产的旧假设的裁决。

2015年考研阅读原文

考研California has asked the justices to refrain from a sweeping ruling, particularly one that upsets the old assumption that authorities may search through the possessions of suspects at the time of their arrest.

加利福尼亚州已要求大法官避免作出全面裁决,特别是一项推翻了当局可能在嫌疑人被捕时搜查其财产的旧假设的裁决。

2015年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

高考A thoughtful official passed on some of the copies to the park authorities on the assumption that they might make a nice blow-up for one of the visitors' centers.

一位深思熟虑的官员将其中一些副本转交给了公园管理局,因为他们认为这些副本可能会对其中一个游客中心造成很大的破坏。

2019年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

六级It IS a false assumption that lessons should be made easier to learn.

认为课程应该更容易学习是错误的。

2013年12月阅读原文

考研On the assumption that they will become relevant later, you make a mental note of discourse entities as well as possible links between them.

假设它们以后会变得相关,你会在心里记下话语实体以及它们之间可能的联系。

2015年考研阅读原文

四级Those who oppose the building of flats base their case primarily on the assumption (设想) that everyone prefers an individual home and on the high cost per unit of accommodation.

那些反对建楼的人主要是基于这样的假设(设想) 每个人都更喜欢一个单独的家,而且每个单位的住宿成本很高。

1995年6月大学英语四级(CET-4)真题

四级The assumption is that children shouldn't chat in the classroom because it hinders hard work; instead, they should leain to delay gratification (快乐) so that they can pursue abstract goals, like going to college.

人们的假设是,孩子们不应该在课堂上聊天,因为这会阻碍努力学习;相反,他们应该学会拖延满足感(快乐) 这样他们就可以追求抽象的目标,比如上大学。

2015年12月英语四级考试真题(第1套)

考研Governments throughout the world act on the assumption that the welfare of their people depends largely on the economic strength and wealth of the community.

世界各国政府采取行动的前提是,本国人民的福利在很大程度上取决于社会的经济实力和财富。

2000年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题

考研Such behaviour is regarded as “all too human”, with the underlying assumption that other animals would not be capable of this finely developed sense of grievance.

这种行为被认为是“太人性化了”,其基本假设是其他动物无法产生这种微妙的不满感。

2005年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题

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