underlying 

5525
CET4CET6考研GRETOEFLIELTS
单词释义
adj.根本的,潜在的,隐含的,表面下的,下层的
v.构成…的基础,作为…的原因
underlie的现在分词
词根词缀记忆/谐音联想记忆 补充/纠错
词根under (在...之下 不足 不够) + …………
其他怎么记补充/纠错
词根记忆under 之下 + lie位于 → 在这件事的下面存在的东西 → 因素,原因,基础(地基) → under …………
词性拓展记忆 / 词形拓展记忆
原形:underlie第三人称单数:underlies过去式:underlay过去分词:underlain现在分词:underlying
词组和短语补充/纠错
underlying motivation 潜在动机
X underlie Y X是Y的基础/原因
underlying motivation 潜在动机
underlying cause 根本原因
underlying assets 标的资产 相关资产 基础资产
underlying graph 底图
underlying share期权基础股份
underlying trend of inflation 通货膨胀的潜在趋势
the underlying layer 下面层
underlying assumption 基本假设
underlying disease 基础疾病
underlying rules 潜规则
the underlying reason 根本原因
underlying ideas 潜在的想法
underlying asset 基础资产
an underlying issue 根本问题
The underlying cause of sth. is ... 某事的根本原因是...
单词例句
Perseverance underlies his sucesses.
坚持不懈是他成功的基础。
The underground parking underlies the basement.
地下停车场位于地下室之下。
Family background somehow underlies the personality and individual differences.
家庭背景以某种原因造成了性格和个体差异。We have to figure out the underlying causes of our failure.
我们要找出我们失败的根本原因。
There are certain underlying problems of this policy.
这项政策有某些潜在的问题。
It leaves the underlying soil exposed.
它让底层土壤暴露了。
The underlying cause of the conflict was a lack of communication.
冲突的根本原因在于缺乏沟通。
Economic instability underlies many social problems.
经济不稳定是许多社会问题的根本原因。
Her decision was based on an underlying fear of failure.
她的决定源于内心深处对失败的恐惧。
The artist's use of color underscores the underlying emotion in the painting.
艺术家的色彩运用强调了画作中潜藏的情感。
There is an underlying current of tension in the team.
团队中存在着一种潜在的紧张气氛。
His humor often masks his underlying sadness.
他的幽默常常掩盖了他内心的悲伤。
The company's success is underpinned by its innovative technology.
公司成功的基础在于其创新的技术。
The agreement relies on an underlying trust between the parties.
这份协议基于各方之间的基本信任。
The novel explores the underlying themes of love and betrayal.
这部小说探讨了爱情和背叛的主题。
The illness was triggered by an underlying medical condition.
这种疾病是由潜在的健康状况引发的。
The company said that the malfunction was due to "a failure of underlying system software" rather than "a cyberattack", and all services were now fully restored.
该公司表示,故障是由于“底层系统软件故障”,而不是“网络攻击”,所有服务现已完全恢复。
Yang Zhang and his team apply software engineering principles to divide the robot control system into two parts: the underlying control system and the application layer control system, ensuring system stability and flexibility.
杨章和他的团队运用软件工程原理,将机器人控制系统分为底层控制系统和应用层控制系统两部分,确保了系统的稳定性和灵活性。
"The US counterparts have put more emphasis on the research and development of underlying technology and its groundbreaking innovations.
“美国同行更加重视基础技术及其突破性创新的研发。
The popularization of AI services requires 5G connectivity, and Huawei can only build the underlying computing platform of AI, and will not touch the application platform, Ren said.
任说,人工智能服务的普及需要5G连接,华为只能构建人工智能的底层计算平台,不会触及应用平台。
The direct contribution of AI software platform companies to human society may be less than 2 percent, and 98 percent of their contribution will be on promoting the development industrial society and agricultural society, Ren addedThe popularization of AI services requires 5G connectivity, and Huawei can only build the underlying computing platform of AI, and will not touch the application platform, Ren said.
任补充道,人工智能软件平台公司对人类社会的直接贡献可能不到2%,98%的贡献将用于促进工业社会和农业社会的发展。人工智能服务的普及需要5G连接,而华为只能构建人工智能的底层计算平台,任表示,不会触碰应用平台。
He said their business is resilient and a sign of the underlying strength of the premiumization movement in China, which is driven by growth in disposable incomes.
他说,他们的业务很有弹性,这表明中国高端化运动的潜在力量,这是由可支配收入增长推动的。
The underlying assets for the REIT are three logistics parks in Langfang of Hebei province, Wuhan of Hubei province and Chongqing, all which are owned by China's leading e-retailer JD.
REIT的基础资产是位于河北省廊坊市、湖北省武汉市和重庆市的三个物流园区,这些园区均由中国领先的电子零售商京东所有。
The comments came after Oppo unveiled its latest smartphone series on Thursday, the Reno 9, which features its self-designed imaging chip MariSilicon X. Liu Bo, vice-president of Oppo, said the company is committed to pouring consistent investment into crucial underlying technologies and its chip R&D team is still expanding, with new progress soon to be unveiled next month.
在发表上述评论之前,Oppo于周四发布了其最新智能手机系列Reno 9,该系列采用了自主设计的成像芯片MariSilicon X。Oppo副总裁刘Bo表示,该公司致力于向关键的底层技术投入持续的投资,其芯片研发团队仍在扩大,新进展将于下月公布。
A senior executive of China Life Insurance Co Ltd said on Friday that the company will exit the US stock market after taking into account two main factors – the limited trading volume of its American depositary shares (ADSs) relative to the worldwide trading volume of its underlying overseas listed shares (H shares) and the considerable administrative costs of maintaining the listing of the ADSs on the New York Stock Exchange.
中国人寿保险股份有限公司的一位高管周五表示,该公司将在考虑两个主要因素后退出美国股市,即其美国存托股(ADS)的交易量相对于其海外上市股票(H股)的全球交易量有限以及维持美国存托股在纽约证券交易所上市的可观行政成本。
The board of directors of China Life announced on Aug 12 that the company will apply for the voluntary delisting of its ADSs from the NYSE and the deregistration of such ADSs and underlying overseas listed shares, under the US Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
中国人寿董事会于8月12日宣布,公司将根据经修订的1934年《美国证券交易法》,申请将其美国存托股从纽约证券交易所自愿退市,并注销该等美国存托股票和相关海外上市股票的注册。
In an earlier announcement, the company said once the delisting has become effective and the criteria for deregistration have been satisfied, it intends to file a Form 15F with the SEC to deregister the ADSs and the underlying H shares under the Exchange Act.
在早些时候的一份公告中,该公司表示,一旦退市生效并满足注销标准,它打算向美国证券交易委员会提交表格15F,以根据《交易法》注销美国存托股和相关H股。
"In the long run, Alibaba has shown strong resilience to challenge and pressure in leveraging underlying internet technologies to upgrade its own business scenarios," said Chen Duan, director of the Digital Economy Integration Innovation Development Center at the Central University of Finance and Economics, while emphasizing the company's cloud business is expected to be a key growth engine and pivot apart from its core e-commerce unit.
中央财经大学数字经济融合创新发展中心主任陈端表示:“从长远来看,阿里巴巴在利用底层互联网技术升级自身业务场景方面,表现出了强大的应对挑战和压力的能力。”,同时强调,该公司的云业务有望成为其核心电子商务部门之外的关键增长引擎和支点。
Overall, the company saw a month-over-month recovery throughout the second quarter, with underlying consumer demands remaining strong.
总体而言,该公司在整个第二季度实现了环比复苏,基本消费者需求依然强劲。
It also unveiled Honor Magic OS for Windows, which the company claimed as a notebook business technology architectural system based on the underlying chips and Microsoft's Windows operating system.
该公司还推出了适用于Windows的Honor Magic操作系统,该公司声称这是一个基于底层芯片和微软Windows操作系统的笔记本电脑商业技术架构系统。
Participating companies must undergo an evaluation process lasting about four months, underlying the principle of scoring that includes management interviews, documentations and consultants reporting followed by an evaluation and rating system.
参与公司必须经过持续约四个月的评估过程,这是评分原则的基础,包括管理层访谈、文件和顾问报告,然后是评估和评级系统。
Han said the biggest problem for enterprises is how to combine technologies, such as the underlying cloud platform and artificial intelligence algorithm technology with business management.
韩表示,企业面临的最大问题是如何将底层云平台、人工智能算法技术等技术与企业管理相结合。
"This speaks to how even though we've seen a change in administration in the United States and the beginnings of an economic recovery, many of the underlying drivers of US-China frictions remain unchanged," USCBC President Craig Allen said at a virtual event about the survey.
China remains Temasek's largest investment destination country, accounting for 27 percent of the company's exposure by underlying assets.
Capabilities based on digital and supply chains will become the only underlying driving factor for sustained and healthy growth, and also act as the core competitive barrier in the future.
Mats Granryd, director general of GSMA, a global telecom industry body, said at the opening of Huawei's new center, "The delivery of existing and new services in the 5G era will rely heavily on the connectivity provided by mobile networks and will fundamentally depend on the underlying technology being secure and trusted.
Dell is also offering cloud-native services, through which the underlying infrastructure is decoupled.
Herman Yu, chief financial officer of Baidu, explained the strategic nous underlying the company's investment philosophy.
Guotai Junan Securities facilitated Qualified Foreign Institutional Investors (QFII) to finalize the first ever margin trading and stock borrowing and lending business by foreign institutional investors in the China A Share market, with underlying stocks ranging from the Main Board, Growth Enterprise Market (GEM), Science and Technology Innovation Board (STAR Market) and etc on Tuesday.
According to Temasek's latest financial report, the net value of its underlying exposure in China stood at S$88.7 billion ($62.1 billion) for the financial year that ended on March 31.
"It is the underlying authority for economic sanctions laws," Fraedrich said.
She said banning TikTok would paradoxically contribute to the erosion of online freedom and openness, while doing little to address the underlying security issues.
This is not only the underlying driving factor for sustained and healthy growth, but also the core competitive barrier in the future," Xiao said.
The insurer's GDR started conditional trading on the London bourse on Wednesday, which indicates that GDRs invested during the conditional trading period cannot be converted into underlying A shares within 120 days.
James Liang, executive chairman and co-founder of the tourism industry leader, said they are still confident in the opportunities globally, which is very much based on the underlying fundamentals of the Chinese economy.
This is also the underlying logic of "giving on a needed basis", raised by iAsk.
Huawei and PCL on Friday announced the launch of an upgraded AI computing system — CloudBrain — an underlying architecture to support a wide range of applications such as smart healthcare, smart transportation and urban management.
Therefore, the underlying causes of many crises are mostly not pure PR problems, but deep-rooted management and social value problems.
Such efforts coincide with a survey underlying an increasing preference for healthy and environmentally friendly products by Chinese consumers, as the local market for fast-moving products maintained a robust momentum despite slower economic growth.
The A shares as underlying securities to be newly issued and represented by the GDRs will be no more than 628.67 million shares, including securities issued upon the exercise of any overallotment option if there is any, the company said in an announcement.
The nominal value of the newly issued A shares represented by GDRs will be 1 yuan ($ 0.14) each as underlying securities and apply for the admission of the same to listing on the Official List of the UK Financial Conduct Authority (FCA).
These A shares will be traded on the Shanghai-London Stock Connect segment of the Main Market of the London Stock Exchange with the nominal value of each GDR to be determined on the basis of the conversion rate between the issued GDRs and the underlying A shares.
For the last year, Temasek reported a record net portfolio value of S$313 billion, remaining anchored in Asia with 66 percent exposure by underlying assets.
"We see enormous opportunities here in China along with the underlying economic and societal trends, such as the emerging of the middle class, water scarcity issues and the aging population, and our business is in line with the government's commitment toward a more healthy and beautiful China.
Facebook is taking the lead on building Libra and its underlying technology; its more than two dozen partners — including PayPal, Uber, Spotify, Visa and Mastercard — will help fund, build and govern the system.
By applying blockchain technology, it builds a multilateral alliance chain to make sure the underlying asset data that enters the asset pool is real and cash flow is truly distributed in the pool.
Yet, some of the key challenges facing China today, including an ageing society and rising concerns about environmental degradation, warrant increasing emphasis on the quality instead of the quantity of growth-here, the underlying principle is that sustainable growth lifts people's quality of life.
Underlying our long-term commitment to the local market, it will enable us to continue to provide high-quality products and services to our customers here in China," Gravanis said.
""The new Hantile was based on improvement of the underlying technology," said Zhang Ying, a professor at Peking University's Guanghua School of Management.
"As these are one-off events, our normalized net profit after tax of $248 million is a better reflection of our underlying operating performance for the half year," said Wilson, adding that shareholders will be rightfully disappointed with this outcome and Beingmate's continued under-performance is "unacceptable".
We are going to have so much more information to understand the underlying pathophysiology of a disease.
"It's an opportunity to exchange ideas and share our approaches to filmmaking, production, marketing, distribution and our underlying concept of how to create a healthy and vibrant studio," Millstein told Xinhua.
On the Chinese mainland, its net sales grew 44 percent as a result of strong underlying momentum in Chinese white spirits and an earlier Chinese New Year, and scotch returned to growth, delivering a net sales increase of 7 percent.
In 2024, the city will further improve underlying technology of AI and make its AI models as advanced as international ones, promoting its application in government administration, the medical field, industries and life services, according to the work report.
The key task for opening-up in the next stage is to continuously expand high-level openness, like accelerating the cultivation of green trade to boost the real economy, expediting the development of green trade to make "green" the underlying factor across the entire trade chain, and actively aligning with international high-standard economic and trade rules to steadily expand high-level institutional opening-up.
Individuals and enterprises will likely fare better this year, experts said, as growth will be driven more by the economy's underlying momentum, rather than a favorable comparison base.
While current economic indicators, such as a plateau in consumer sentiment and single-digit growth in retail sales, might suggest a tempering of expectations, the underlying dynamics of the market signal a future ripe with opportunity.
The underlying drivers of this optimism are manifold.
Noting that this is an "underlying element" that has jeopardized the trust between developed countries and developing nations, he said, "So how are we going to agree on a new 2025 financial target if there is no trust?
Its underlying theme is resilient and sustainable global value chains in turbulent times.
"Stephen Roach, senior fellow at the Paul Tsai China Center at Yale University in the United States, downplayed concerns over underlying structural imbalances and mounting debt.
Underlying demand is still growing and we haven't seen the emergence of a deflationary mindset among producers and consumers.
"Underlying demand is still growing and we haven't seen the emergence of a deflationary mindset among producers and consumers," Neumann said.
European researchers have clarified the underlying logic behind the Europe-China partnership.
Louise Loo, lead economist at British think tank Oxford Economics, said that the July activity data underscored a weak underlying investment appetite following a fast fading opening boost, production and manufacturing coming under continued pressure from poor global demand for Chinese goods and destocking pressures as well as a growing confidence crisis associated with the property sector.
Second, differences also lie in the formation of problems and their underlying causes.
Another major difference in underlying characteristics comes from the structure of the two countries' balance sheets.
"Given the fact that the underlying performance of the Chinese economy is still expected to grow, we continue to have a very positive outlook in terms of how we see the potential of our market here in China," he added.
That said, the underlying dynamics as well as the nature of China-EU relations have remained unchanged.
As the underlying parameters and profit models of the real estate industry have undergone drastic changes, it's very difficult to simply follow the old path and seek recovery.
According to Citi, the underlying momentum could be stronger than the number suggests, given that meaningful recovery perhaps only started after Spring Festival in February.
Zhou Tongyu, a deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of Shanghai-based conglomerate Weida Hi-Tech Holdings Ltd, suggested more support for the issuance of real estate investment trusts that have privately owned industrial parks as their underlying assets.
Common purpose seen as underlying reason for infrastructure achievementsA virtuous cycle has been formed in China's infrastructure development, and China is rewriting the development blueprint on infrastructure, a US economic and trade expert said.
Common purpose, Gupta said, is one underlying reason for China's achievements in infrastructure.
Jeremy Jurgens, managing director of World Economic Forum, who listened to Liu's speech, said: "If you look back to when the vice-premier was last here in 2018, what you see is, despite the crisis, there is a continuation of the important underlying policies.
The meeting also stressed better coordinating pandemic prevention and control measures with economic and social development, urging efforts to optimize contagion responses based on time and situation, and focus on the elderly and those with underlying diseases.
Given underlying conditions, new trends have emerged in engineering science and technology, including the integration of smart technology in a number of industries, the use of data resources and technology in research, the development of green and low carbon technology, and innovations and breakthroughs in public health, Li said.
At the national level, she said, policies should remain tailored to country-specific circumstances including the extent of recovery, underlying inflationary pressures and available policy space.
That was the first time that homegrown chip-driven servers have been included in such a proposal, underlying the determination to promote the application of domestic processors, which are making steady progress in performance.
Christoffer Koch, an economist from the IMF's research department, said central banks can generally get through transitory inflationary pressures and avoid tightening until there is more clarity on underlying price dynamics.
Despite the language and cultural differences, there is somehow an underlying strength in the people-to-people relationship.
We see that global investors recognize the need and benefit of a long-term China allocation as the underlying economy continues to evolve and transform.
Ladies and Gentlemen,Reform and opening-up is China's fundamental state policy and an underlying force driving China's future development.
The emergence of unicorns, or privately held startup companies valued at over $1 billion, is an important feature of the new economy-the underlying condition for China to overtake developed countries by changing lanes.
China remained the largest investment destination country of Singapore's investment company Temasek Holdings, accounting for 27 percent of the company's exposure to underlying assets, according to its 2021 annual report.
Growth of 8 percent would mark a slowdown from 18.3 percent in the first quarter, but the underlying economic momentum has accelerated as the super-high reading in the first quarter was mainly attributable to a low comparison base due to the impact of COVID-19, according to Huang.
China's economy demonstrated more balanced expansion in June, with solid underlying growth momentum, media reports said.
The derivatives included so-called total return swaps, a financial product that allows traders to make massive bets with relatively little underlying collateral.
Derivatives allow investors to bet on movements of stock prices without owning the underlying securities.
Compared with last year, the underlying tone of China's fiscal policy indicates a return to normal this year, and its monetary policy is also more prudent.
Anselmo Teng, former chairman of the Monetary Authority of Macao and co-chair of the Alliance for Financial Stability with Information Technology, recently pointed out at his main theme presentation at the 22nd Financial Action Task Force-APG Typologies Workshop that digital Know Your Customer and digital authentication are new forms of infrastructure that provide security for the sound development of digital economy and digital commerce, including international trade, and ensure interconnectivity and effective communication of the underlying binary economy.
A1 China is a strategically important market for Credit Suisse and is a key contributor to the bank's strong underlying business growth in the Asia-Pacific.
"I think an underlying theme for this cooperation is the importance of having fair adjudication of disputes in the courts.
Looking at 2021, growth figures are expected to rebound strongly from a year earlier thanks to a low comparative base for 2020, but the underlying improvement momentum may be subject to uncertainties and could leave some small businesses and employment situations remaining under pressure, experts said.
"This would average out at 5.5 percent over the two years, which is in line with what I believe is China's underlying sustainable growth at this phase in its development cycle," he said.
The underlying aim is to improve connectivity and foster a sustainable aviation economy.
Besides the prevailing method of banks' IP pledge financing, HTI has taken bold moves in the securitization of IP rights since last year, including the issuance of the nation's first IP-related asset-backed securities product with underlying assets of creditor's rights on small-sum loans.
"Shanghai has increased its relative ranking in the instrumental factors-the quantitative measures-that underlie the index.
"He added that "while there are still underlying weak spots in the economy that have been slower to recover, the overall story is very positive, and China will come out of 2020 in a very strong position economically".
With "New IoT, New Economy, New Era" as its underlying theme, the convention opened on Sunday.
"China, like most commercial real estate markets, is at an inflection point but there remain underlying strengths: return-to-office rates are among the strongest in the world, household deposit rates are high – the equivalent of more than 30 months' of retail sales as at June, according to the World Bank – and alternative and new economy asset classes will continue to drive commercial real estate activity across logistics, industrial, warehousing and supply chain sectors.
"Although the R&D intensity of China has been continuously increasing, the country's investment in basic research is insufficient, which directly leads to a relative lack of innovations based on complex, underlying supporting technologies and scientific research," said Liu Qiao, dean of the Guanghua School of Management of Peking University, in a note.
The Shanghai (Export) Containerized Freight Index based on settled rates, or the SCFIS, which is updated by the Shanghai Shipping Exchange every Monday, is the underlying asset of the newly launched futures contract.
By utilizing the massive data gathered during the company's treatment processes, the cooperative endeavor hopes to help doctors understand the mechanisms underlying hair disorders and facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of hair-related problems, said Zhang Jianzhong, a professor at the Department of Dermatology of People's Hospital of Peking University.
For example, since the acquired or renovated projects are the underlying asset to be guaranteed, the key issues worth paying attention to include the impact of a short remaining term on their valuation, and a high acquisition cost.
Government units can also have a better idea of the actual operational status of long-term rental enterprises by putting long-term stable core data under close watch, such as those related to average rent and occupancy rate — as these reflect the operator's operational capacity and efficiency, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the underlying assets — and then provide targeted support for investment by financial institutions, to achieve sustainable development of the long-term rental housing market.
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)
全部
六级
考研
高考
四级

六级And there is more to the story, because not only are the devices that house incandescent bulbs shaped to their underlying characteristics, but rooms and entire buildings have been designed in accordance with how incandescent lighting reflects off walls and windows.

还有更多的故事,因为不仅是安装白炽灯的设备符合其基本特征,而且房间和整个建筑的设计也符合白炽灯从墙壁和窗户反射的方式。

2015年12月阅读原文

六级And there is more to the story, because not only are the devices that house incandescent bulbs shaped to their underlying characteristics, but rooms and entire buildings have been designed in accordance with how incandescent lighting reflects off walls an

还有更多的故事,因为不仅是安装白炽灯泡的设备符合其基本特征,而且房间和整个建筑的设计都是根据白炽灯从墙上反射的方式进行的

2015年12月六级真题(第一套)阅读 Section B

考研The basic compact underlying representative government, wrote Chief Justice John Roberts for the court,” assumes that public officials will hear from their constituents and act on their concerns.

首席大法官约翰·罗伯茨(John Roberts)在法庭上写道,代议制政府的基本契约“假定公职人员将听取选民的意见,并根据他们的关切采取行动。

2017年考研阅读原文

高考Both of us had the qualities and virtues that are typical of American actors: humorous, aggressive, and making fun of each other - but always with an underlying affection.

我们两人都有美国演员特有的品质和美德:幽默、好斗、取笑对方——但总是带着一种潜在的感情。

2017年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

考研The booming economy seems to have done little to assuage this underlying generational sense of anxious urgency, especially for those who have college debt.

繁荣的经济似乎没能缓解这一代人潜在的焦虑紧迫感,特别是对于那些欠大学债的人。

2020年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

六级Yet underlying all of this is a simple dynamic: Apple, Google, Facebook and other companies hold most of the cards in this confrontation.

然而,所有这些背后都有一个简单的动态:苹果、谷歌、Facebook和其他公司在这场对峙中占据了多数。

2017年12月六级真题(第三套)阅读 Section B

六级There are certain underlying similarities

有一些潜在的相似之处

2013年6月听力原文

六级Underlying the hysteria(歇斯底里) is the belief that scarce elite degrees must be highly valuable.

歇斯底里的背后(歇斯底里) 这是一种信念,即稀缺的精英学位一定非常有价值。

2008年6月英语六级真题

四级Variables included the slope of the land, the ability of the pavement to support the load, the intensity of road use, and the nature of the underlying soil.

变量包括土地的坡度、路面支撑荷载的能力、道路使用强度和下层土壤的性质。

2006年6月大学英语新四级(CET-4)真题

考研The trouble is that part of the recent acceleration is due to the usual rebound that occurs at this point in a business cycle, and so is not conclusive evidence of a revival in the underlying trend.

问题是,最近的加速部分是由于商业周期中此时出现的通常反弹,因此并不是潜在趋势复苏的确凿证据。

1998年全国攻读硕士学位研究生入学考试英语试题

考研I believe that the most important forces behind the massive M&A wave are the same that underlie the globalization process: falling transportation and communication costs, lower trade and investment barriers and enlarged markets that require enlarged operations capable of meeting customers’ demands.

我认为,大规模并购浪潮背后最重要的力量是全球化进程的基础:运输和通信成本下降,贸易和投资壁垒降低,市场扩大,需要扩大能够满足客户需求的业务。

2001年全国攻读硕士学位研究生入学考试英语试题

考研Such behaviour is regarded as “all too human”, with the underlying assumption that other animals would not be capable of this finely developed sense of grievance.

这种行为被认为是“太人性化了”,其基本假设是其他动物无法产生这种微妙的不满感。

2005年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题

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