abuse 

386
高中CET4CET6考研GRETOEFLIELTS
单词释义
n.滥用,妄用,虐待,辱骂,恶语
vt.滥用(以致危害健康),滥用,妄用(权力、所知所闻),虐待,性虐待,伤害,辱骂
词根词缀记忆/谐音联想记忆 补充/纠错
词根ab 相反 + use 用 → 不〔正常〕使用 →  …………
其他怎么记补充/纠错
谐音记忆a啊 + b不要 + use“滥用” → 啊,不用使用脏话“辱骂”我 …………
词性拓展记忆 / 词形拓展记忆
原形:abuse第三人称单数:abuses复数:abuses过去式:abused过去分词:abused现在分词:abusing
对比记忆 / 类比记忆 / 形近词记忆
abase / abuse
abase v. 贬低降低地位、威望或尊严
abuse vt.滥用;辱骂;诋毁 n.滥用;恶习;弊端
词根记忆 / 词缀记忆
abuse 滥用(ab+use用=用坏=滥用)
ab-,abs-加在词根前,表示”相反,变坏,离去”等
abnormal 反常的(ab+normal正常的)
abuse 滥用(ab+use用=用坏=滥用)
absorb 吸收(ab+sorb吸收=吸 …………
词组和短语补充/纠错
substance abuse 药物滥用
abuse one's authority 滥用职权
exposed to abuse 遭受虐待
drug abuse 药物滥用
child abuse 虐待儿童
verbal abuse 言语虐待
family abuse 家庭虐待
animal abuse 虐待动物
abuse of 滥用
alcohol abuse 酗酒
elder abuse 虐待老年人
verbally abuse 言语虐待
abuse of rights 滥用权利
hurl abuse at sb. 辱骂某人
marginalization, abuse and discrimination 边缘化、虐待和歧视
单词例句
Do not abuse your power.
不要滥用你的权力。
I think this is not the abuse of freedom.
我觉得这个不是对自由的滥用。
You can abuse it, you can use it.
你可以滥用它,也可以好好利用。
I used to abuse the unusual usage, but now I'm not used to doing so.
我过去常滥用这个不寻常的用法,但我现在不习惯这样做。
Nothing is so wearing as the possession or abuse of liberty.
没有什么比拥有或滥用自由更令人厌倦的事了。
The incident draw widespread concern and queries online, with many netizens wondering whether Zhou's family accumulated wealth from corruption and whether his father was promoted through the abuse of power.
This is one of the signages along the halls of the Dangerous Drug Abuse Treatment and Rehabilitation Center in Sarangani province.
According to Chen Qiulin, deputy director of the Health Industry Development Research Center at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the pandemic and supportive government policies have jointly shored up the development of the online healthcare industry in China, but the industry still faces a series of challenges to deliver healthy growth, such as a lack of effective implementation of public medical insurance reimbursement policies, prohibition of online medical consultation without a prior visit to a physical hospital, abuse of prescriptions, and disputes over ownership of data and information generated in online healthcare.
The company said it would carry out personal credit reporting in compliance with relevant laws and regulations, strengthen personal information protection and effectively prevent the abuse of data.
China has stepped up efforts to guide the healthy development of internet-backed platform economy and prevent abuse of monopolistic status by misusing consumer data or violating consumer rights.
On-demand service platform faces lawsuit for alleged abuse of market powerMeituan, China's largest on-demand service platform handling online food deliveries and restaurant orders, is facing a lawsuit in a Beijing court for alleged abuse of market power, amid China's ongoing scrutiny of key technology sectors, including the internet.
The complainant said that Meituan's decision to temporarily remove Alipay, the payment platform of Alibaba, as a payment option from its main app, was an abuse of its dominant market position.
The defense hopes to convince the court that the accusations against Meng lack an "air of reality" and it will allow them to argue additional allegations of US abuse of process in the case.
"Where the court finds there are material misstatements and omissions going to the heart of the record of the case, then the court may intervene, find an abuse of process and fashion an appropriate remedy," Fenton said.
In a statement issued by Huawei Canada on Monday, the company said Meng's position is that the extradition proceedings against her constitute an "abuse" of the Canadian judicial process and should therefore be "stayed".
"Sun won the bid via a five-day online auction on eBay and the money will be donated to the Glide Foundation, which is located in San Francisco's Tenderloin district and serves the poor, homeless and those battling substance abuse.
Officials shall not abuse their authority in giving out Moutai business approvals.
According to the Minnesota Act, the maximum term for a first-degree sexual abuse offense is 30 years and the minimum is 12 years.
Avoiding the abuse of pesticides and fertilizers is essential to food safety. "
It said the "bad actors" were trying hard to hide themselves and cover their tracks by using VPNs, Internet phone services and third parties to run ads on their behalf, to avoid Facebook's efforts to prevent abuse or clean online environment.
With an aim of raising awareness of how to protect girls' rights, the Beijing-based company has divided its online courses into three parts - teaching underage girls to cherish their bodies, raising awareness of sexual abuse and explaining how to cope with emergencies.
Currently, there is a strong possibility that the US will further expand and even abuse the "national security" concept to stop its VC firms' investments and cooperation in China's high-tech sectors, even involving some projects already underway.
This move comes as the United States Department of Commerce took action by adding 42 Chinese companies to its so-called entity list for export control on Friday, which China views as an abuse of export control measures and a reckless act of economic coercion.
Businesspeople on both sides appear to be eager to find out whether the meeting will take a step toward resolving such issues as additional tariffs, suppression of Chinese high-tech enterprises, abuse of export controls and blocking US high-tech investment in China, Wei said.
The United States' continuous abuse of export control measures and its intensified suppression and containment of China's semiconductor industry will hinder global economic and trade cooperation and eventually backfire, the Ministry of Commerce said on Thursday.
This has played a significant role in preventing the illicit manufacturing, trafficking and abuse of fentanyl, the ministry said.
Shu said China firmly opposes the move, which she called an abuse of export control measures and in breach of free trade and international rules.
China has called on the Group of Seven not to abuse trade and investment restrictions and deliver on their commitments to not decouple from China, the Ministry of Commerce said on Thursday.
China firmly opposes Japan's export controls on 23 types of chip-making equipment, Shu said, calling it an abuse of export control measures which goes against free trade and international rules.
Dong Dengxin, director of Wuhan University of Science and Technology's Finance and Securities Institute, said it will be sensible for China to further cut US debt holdings but boost gold reserves to diversify reserve assets, given that the abuse of the dollar in financial sanctions has impaired the greenback's credibility as a reserve currency.
- China firmly opposes the US move to generalize national security and abuse export controls, and urges the US to cease its unreasonable suppression of Chinese enterprises, a spokesperson for the Ministry of Commerce said on Friday.
The central government will also strengthen guidance and assistance for enterprises facing rising protectionism and abuse of export control in some countries to better protect their legitimate rights and interests, the officials said.
"The Chinese government believes that export control should follow the principles of 'fairness, impartiality and nondiscrimination', and strongly opposes abuse of export control, and unilateral sanctions and long-arm jurisdiction, which have no basis in international law," said Wang Shouwen, vice-minister of commerce and China international trade representative.
Officials and experts at the forum criticized the generalization of the concept of national security by some countries and their blatant abuse of export control.
The US has been generalizing the concept of national security for a long time to abuse export control measures, suppress and contain enterprises of other countries, interfere with normal economic and trade exchanges and seriously damage the legitimate rights and interests of enterprises.
is a great victory against unilateralism, and can also be viewed as a special review on the abuse of national security provision of WTO rules," she said.
The US government should correct its abuse of security review and provide a fair, stable and predictable business environment for enterprises to conduct investment activities, she said.
The United States should correct its abuse of security review and provide a fair, stable and predictable business environment for enterprises to conduct investment, she said.
"The US repeatedly generalized the concept of national security to abuse measures such as export control and used state power to suppress and contain companies and institutions of other countries, including the seven Chinese entities," she said.
It clarifies, for the first time, that platform operators with clear market dominance shall not abuse such leading positions through data, algorithms, technology or platform rules.
Ex-official pleads guiltyIn another development, Fu Zhenghua, the former minister of justice, pleaded guilty to taking bribes and abuse of power, during a court hearing held in Changchun, capital of Jilin province, on Thursday.
The part of the trial dealing with abuse of power was heard in closed session, as it involved State secrets.
"In late June, Chinese lawmakers amended the Anti-monopoly Law to improve rules related to the platform economy, clarifying that platform operators with clear market dominance shall not abuse such leading positions through data, algorithms, technologies or platform rules.
The proposals include the prevention of the abuse of intellectual property, administrative power and dominant market positions, as well as anti-monopoly agreements.
Rules clarify platform operators shall not abuse dominant sector positionsChinese lawmakers adopted an amendment to the Anti-monopoly Law on Friday that improves rules related to the platform economy and the concentration of operators, which industry experts said is a timely revision to help boost fair competition and stabilize market expectations.
The revised law clarifies that platform operators with clear market dominance shall not abuse such leading positions through data, algorithms, technologies or platform rules, which Wang said is of great significance to "promoting the sustainable and healthy development of the platform economy".
- Cai Esheng, a former vice-chairman of China's top banking regulatory body, is being prosecuted over suspected bribe-taking and abuse of power, an official statement said Monday.
The procuratorate has charged Cai with various crimes: taking advantage of the power of his office or position to seek gains for others and accepting an especially large amount of bribes in money and valuables in return; seeking illegitimate gains for others through a state functionaries' performance of duties and accepting an especially large amount of bribes in money and valuables in return; practicing favoritism, engaging in falsification, and abuse power in the performance of his duties, which has caused heavy losses to public property, and the interests of the State and the people.
"A group of municipalities and provinces, including Tianjin, Chongqing, Gansu, Shanxi, Hubei and Fujian, have already launched special measures to curb any abuse of administrative power.
The Tianjin Administration for Market Regulation said four types of abuse of administrative power have been identified: hindering free circulation of goods; restricting business operators from other municipalities and provinces; restricting transactions either directly or indirectly; and excluding competition.
This practice was later called out by the provincial market regulator of Henan for abuse of administrative power to restrict competition.
According to Pu, over the past 10 years, the market regulator has investigated a total of 195 monopoly cases and 82 cases involving the abuse of dominant market position.
In March and April, a group of municipalities and provinces, including Tianjin, Chongqing, Gansu, Shanxi, Hubei and Fujian, launched specialized actions to curb any abuse of administrative power.
The new rules deal with identification issues in cases of illegal personnel involvement in similar businesses, seeking benefits for others, and the negligence and abuse of power.
China firmly opposes the United States' generalization of the concept of national security, its abuse of state power and its repeated malicious suppression of Chinese telecom operators in the absence of facts, the Ministry of Commerce said on Friday.
The ministry said that international export control efforts now face a number of challenges, mainly related to the abuse of export control measures and unreasonable discriminatory restrictions, attempts by countries to form small cliques and work against true multilateralism.
One of them is the abuse of export control measures and unreasonable discriminatory restrictions.
"Most importantly, China firmly opposes the abuse of export control measures and the double standards in matters related to non-proliferation as well as the behaviors that violate the laws of sci-tech development, draw lines along ideology, and politicize export controls," Zhang said.
Measures have been taken to better regulate monopolistic behavior, excessively high incomes and the abuse of market dominance by some companies, which jeopardize fair competition.
Shu said the US move is an over-generalization of the concept of national security, abuse of national power and malicious suppression of a Chinese company without basis in facts.
China also believes tightening control over application of trade remedies, such as anti-subsidy and anti-dumping measures, should be included in the discussions to reduce the abuse of such measures.
Shu said the US move is an over-generalization of the concept of national security, abuse of national power and malicious suppression of a Chinese company without basis in fact, undermining the atmosphere of cooperation between the two sides.
He said the administration will help accelerate the revision of the anti-monopoly law, revise the anti-unfair competition law in a timely manner, and continuously improve the supporting legislation,The SAMR will also constantly improve the following: the market access system; the fair competition review mechanism; the digital economy fair competition supervision system; and the system to prevent and stop the abuse of administrative power.
Efforts will be made to strictly investigate and punish monopolistic agreements, abuse of market dominance and other monopoly behaviors, as per the law.
It bans business operators from eliminating or restricting competition through the abuse of data, algorithms, technology, capital advantages and platform rules.
"China will never allow or accept any form of political coercion and abuse of justice," he said, as he urged Washington and Ottawa to answer China's call for justice, end Meng's detention and ensure her safe return to China.
"Unlike some countries, we don't abuse the concept of national security and adopt protectionist and discriminatory practices against certain countries and companies," she said.
China opposes action by the United States to abuse the concept of national security in an effort to crack down on normal operations by Chinese communication enterprises, the Ministry of Commerce said on Thursday.
To identify market dominance abuse behaviors in the sector, it is usually necessary to define the relevant market and analyze whether a platform operator has a dominant position in the market, according to the guideline.
After years of development, the digital economy has grown from a nascent industry into a key engine of high-quality development, but side effects have clearly also emerged, especially industry leaders' abuse of their market dominance, he said.
The Chinese government attaches great importance to the protection of intellectual property rights and always encourages enterprises to respect IP rights, but also opposes the abuse of IP rights protection for the sake of protectionism, Gao said.
Bridging the digital divide and preventing data abuse have been highlighted in discussions among Shanghai's legislators during the city's annual legislative and political consultative sessions.
"We should make regulations to prevent this kind of monopoly and abuse of personal data," Chen said.
"The residents are concerned about the abuse or leak of their personal information, and I think we really should pay attention to the issue of data privacy in the city's digital transformation," Hu said.
China opposes the United States' practice to abuse the concept of "national security" to oppress foreign companies, Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said at a daily news briefing.
Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Mao Ning said at a news conference on Tuesday that China is firmly opposed to the abuse of export control measures by the US, which has seriously damaged the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese companies.
A US lawmaker's call to add Chinese memory chipmakers to a trade blacklist shows that Washington wants to abuse its political power to retaliate against Beijing's law-based decision on US-based chipmaker Micron Technology, experts said on Wednesday.
Speaking at a regular news briefing, Zhao said Lithuania should "reflect on its own deplorable human rights track record and correct the wrong practices of discrimination against ethnic minorities, deliberate torture and abuse of prisoners as well as the violence against and torture and ill-treatment of refugees".
The guidelines also demanded efforts to prevent the abuse of algorithms, prohibiting activities that use them to tamper with public opinion, attack competitors and infringe upon the rights and interests of internet users.
Zhang Gong, head of the administration, told a news conference on Monday the regulator will work with the departments concerned to improve the market entry system, review system for fair competition, fair competition regulatory system for the platform economy, and system to prevent and stop the abuse of administrative power to exclude and restrict competition.
The draft rules reiterated that internet-based business operators should not abuse their dominant position to force merchants to "choose one platform over others "nor block fair competition, said Dong Yizhi, a lawyer at Shanghai-based law firm Joint-Win Partners, adding unfair competition in the internet domain will face stricter and more detailed supervision in the future.
The three departments have asked platform-based internet companies to strictly prevent any disorderly expansion of capital to ensure economic and social security; strictly prevent monopoly and disorder to ensure fair competition; strictly prevent technology strangulation to ensure innovation and development of the industry; strictly prevent the abuse of rules and algorithms to ensure the legitimate rights and interests of all parties, and strictly prevent system closure to ensure ecological opening and sharing.
However, a lack of willingness or capability to monitor and block abuse of prescriptions and fake prescriptions is damaging the credibility of online drug sales channels, despite that some big players are paying great attention to medication safety and drug distribution traceability, Wang said.
China is always against abuse of trade remedy measures and hopes the European Commission will honor the WTO's rules and deal with this case prudently to avoid impact on normal bilateral trade and cooperation, he said.
Illegal data acquisition, data leakage and malicious abuse of data are concerns now that need to be tackled," said Zhang Tianyi, senior product manager of RealAI, a Tsinghua University-backed Beijing-based AI security company.
"With the rising application of generative AI large models, data security problems arise such as illegal data acquisition, data leakage and malicious abuse of data.
The US Senate's support for a key legislation aimed at thwarting Chinese technological growth highlights once again how the United States is trying to abuse state power to disrupt normal business activities, experts said.
The Japanese move is an abuse of export control measures and a serious departure from free trade and international economic and trade rules, a spokesperson for the Ministry of Commerce said in a statement.
The move is an abuse of export control measures and a serious departure from free trade and international economic and trade rules, the spokesperson said.
Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said at a news conference on Thursday that China firmly opposes the US' overgeneralization of national security concepts, abuse of national power, and unjustified suppression of Chinese enterprises.
China always holds that the data security issue shouldn't be a tool that some countries leverage to generalize the concept of national security and abuse state power to suppress companies from other countries, Wang said.
"China firmly opposes the wrong practice by the US to generalize the concept of national security and abuse state power to suppress companies from other countries," Mao said at a daily news briefing.
Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Mao Ning said on Monday that China firmly rejected the US abuse of export controls, by coercing or alluring other countries, to build small cliques to contain China and to defend its own hegemony and selfish interests.
"We oppose abusing the clause on national security, because such an abuse would sabotage the multilateral trading regime and disrupt the normal international trading order," Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang said last week.
Zheng noted that while subsidies aid the development of new energy vehicles, strengthened supervision is required to prevent abuse of the system.
It is tantamount to unreasonable suppression of Chinese enterprises through abuse of political power and a serious breach of international economic and trade rules, he said.
This is an unreasonable suppression of Chinese enterprises by abuse of state power and a serious breach of international economic and trade rules.
In February this year, the antimonopoly commission of the State Council, China's Cabinet, launched a guideline for antitrust in the field of the platform economy and put forward clear regulatory requirements on platform-based companies regarding areas including monopoly agreements, abuse of market dominance, concentration of operators and abuse of administrative power to exclude and restrict competition.
Meng's lawyers have claimed her "abuse of process" motion is based on four branches of misconduct: (1) the politicization of her case by former US president Donald Trump and others; (2) an arrest that was a "master class in how to violate a person's Charter rights"; (3) the certification by the US of "manifestly unreliable and potentially misleading" evidence aimed at the Court; and (4) a claim of jurisdiction by the US that constitutes a "brazen violation" of customary international law.
The European Union said that Apple was in a position to abuse its dominant position in the distribution of music streaming apps through its App Store.
Lawyers for Huawei Technologies executive Meng Wanzhou have argued that Canada would be violating international law if she is sent to the United States to face charges, and they assert that she was subjected to an abuse of process and should be released.
"The extradition proceedings against her constitute an abuse of the Canadian judicial process such that the proceedings should be stayed," the notice said.
"The notice reads: "As customary international law is part of the law of Canada, it would be an abuse of this court's process, compromising the integrity of the Canadian judicial system to order committal based on an extradition request that is contrary to such laws.
Ren Xianliang, president of the China Federation of Internet Societies, however, said that while AI brings conveniences, it also creates problems such as data abuse.
Dong Yizhi, a lawyer at Shanghai Joint Win Law Firm, said the draft rules reiterate that internet platform companies, including e-commerce marketplaces, must not abuse their dominant position to force merchants to "choose one platform over others" and block fair competition.
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)
全部
六级
四级
考研

六级Perhaps there is less to fight about, with the country in a period of tranquility and the dangers of drug abuse and other unwholesome behavior well known.

也许没有那么多可以争论的,因为这个国家正处于一个平静的时期,吸毒和其他不健康行为的危险是众所周知的。

2016年6月阅读原文

四级Drug abuse is the use of a drug, legal or illegal, that hurts a person or someone close to him.

药物滥用是指使用合法或非法的药物,伤害一个人或他身边的人。

2015年12月四级真题(第二套)听力 Section C

六级From other sources, we also know teenage crime, drug abuse and premarital sex are in general decline.

从其他来源,我们也知道青少年犯罪、吸毒和婚前性行为普遍下降。

2016年6月阅读原文

六级She used to abuse her children when she was a young mother.

当她还是个年轻的母亲时,她常常虐待她的孩子。

2014年6月阅读原文

六级Rock stars now face a new hazard --- voice abuse.

摇滚明星现在面临着一个新的危险——声音滥用。

2013年6月听力原文

六级Most pop singers suffer from three things: lack of training, overuse and abuse of the voice, especially when they are young

大多数流行歌手都有三方面的问题:缺乏训练、过度使用和滥用嗓音,尤其是年轻时

2013年6月听力原文

六级Experts believe there is a relationship between adult abuse of legitimate medicines and the drug culture that has swept our country.

专家认为,成年人滥用合法药物与席卷我国的毒品文化之间存在着某种联系。

2017年12月六级真题(第二套)听力 Section C

六级Most pop singers suffer from three things: lack of training, overuse and abuse of the voice, especially when they are young.

大多数流行歌手都有三个问题:缺乏训练、过度使用和滥用嗓音,尤其是在他们年轻的时候。

2013年6月听力原文

六级“Long story longer: Half the people I’ve told this episode to now want to turn on in for child abuse.

2009年6月英语六级真题

六级Are cities and towns less safe and kids more vulnerable to crimes like child kidnap and sexual abuse than they were in previous generations?

2009年6月英语六级真题

六级And 90 percent of sexual abuse cases are committed by someone the child knows.

2009年6月英语六级真题

四级Lawyers can specialize in “elder law,” which covers everything from trusts and estates to nursing-home abuse and age discrimination (歧视).

2002年1月大学英语四级(CET-4)真题

四级Research has suggested that sugar activates the same reward pathways in the brain as traditional drugs of abuse like morphine or heroin.

2012年12月大学英语四级真题试卷(1)

四级She wasn’t willing to deal with this level of indifference and teacher abuse, so she switched to a highly regarded charger elementary school in the Bay Area where she poured her energy into her job and it showed.

2012年12月大学英语四级真题(3)

四级And giving small children sweet drinks or bottles of fake juice all day long is nothing less than child abuse.

2014年12月大学英语四级考试真题(第3套)

考研Unemployment increases the chances of divorce, child abuse, and alcoholism, a new federal survey shows.

1989年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题

考研The phrase “substance abuse” is often used instead of “drug abuse” to make clear that substances such as alcohol and tobacco can be just as harmfully misused as heroin and cocaine.

1997年全国攻读硕士学位研究生入学考试英语试题

考研“Large numbers of physicians seem unconcerned with the pain their patients are needlessly and predictably suffering”, to the extent that it constitutes “systematic patient abuse”.

2002年全国攻读硕士学位研究生入学考试英语试题

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