adult

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英音 [ˈædʌlt]   美音 [əˈdʌlt]  
高中CET4CET6考研IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
adj.成年的;成熟的
n.成年人
词根词缀记忆/谐音联想记忆 纠错 +补充
词源来源于拉丁语动词 jadolescere生长)的过去 …………
网友怎么记纠错 +补充
谐音记忆a(爱)d(捣)ult(腾)-> 成年人都比较爱捣腾->成年人
辨析记忆
adult / grown-up / mature
这些形容词均有“成年的,成熟的”之意。
adult → 一般指生理上的童年期已结束,达到法定年龄。
grown-up → 多用于口语,含义与adult基本相同,但更侧重脱离儿童阶段,已成大人,与childish意思相反。
mature → 用于生物时, …………
单词例句
They have an adult son.
他们有一个儿子已经成年。
an adult movie
成人电影
Both kids and adults felt satisfied with only half of their meal portions.
成人和儿童中都仅有半数对他们的饮食表示满意。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

四级Neither children nor adults could resist the temptation of a free toy.

无论是儿童还是成人都无法抗拒免费玩具的诱惑。

考研An adult with a Bmi of 18 to 25 is often considered to be normal weight.

体重指数在18到25之间的成年人通常被认为是正常体重。

六级Such wariness is well founded: statistics show, for example, that a teenage driver with a same-age passenger in the car is at higher risk of a fatal crash than an adolescent driving alone or with an adult.

这种谨慎是有根据的:例如,统计数据显示,与单独驾驶或与成年人一起驾驶相比,与同龄乘客一起驾驶的青少年驾驶员发生致命车祸的风险更高。

高考However, now they are becoming an extended period of adolescence, during which many of today's students and are not shouldered with adult responsibilities.

然而,现在他们正成为一个青春期的延长期,在这段时间里,许多今天的学生和学生不再肩负着成人的责任。

高考These activities are regulated by flexible rules adapted from standardized sport rules and are set up by the children or by an involved adult.

这些活动由根据标准化体育规则改编的灵活规则进行管理,由儿童或相关成年人制定。

高考Most of us observed much more as children than we do as adults.

我们中的大多数人在儿童时期观察到的东西比成年人多得多。

考研Pretty in pink: adult women do not remember being so obsessed with the colour, yet it is pervasive in our young girls' lives.

《粉红佳人》:成年女性不记得曾经如此痴迷于颜色,但它在我们年轻女孩的生活中无处不在。

六级It is the biggest crippler of young adults

它是年轻人中最大的致残者

四级She studied the smoking patterns of adult smokers.

她研究了成年吸烟者的吸烟模式。

六级More than a decade ago, cognitive scientists John Bransford and Daniel Schwartz, both then at Vanderbilt University, found that what distinguished young adults from children was not the ability to retain facts or apply prior knowledge to a new situation but a quality they called preparation for future learning.

十多年前,当时就读于范德比尔特大学的认知科学家约翰·布兰斯福德(John Bransford)和丹尼尔·施瓦茨(Daniel Schwartz)发现,年轻人区别于儿童的不是保留事实或将先前知识应用于新环境的能力,而是他们称之为未来学习准备的素质。

高考Competent adults know more about love than work.

有能力的成年人比工作更懂得爱。

六级At around age 60, "muscles really start to break down," says Kathryn Starr, an aging researcher, "and because of that, the protein needs of an older adult actually increase.

在60岁左右,“肌肉真的开始崩溃,”老龄化研究人员凯瑟琳·斯塔尔说,“正因为如此,老年人对蛋白质的需求实际上增加了。

四级If not cultivated, it will not survive: "Childhood curiosity is a collaboration between child and adult."

如果不加以培养,它将无法生存:“儿童好奇心是儿童和成人之间的合作。”

六级"I’ve seen very expensive protein supplements that claim to be high quality but they might not really be beneficial for the average healthy adult," she says.

她说:“我见过一些非常昂贵的蛋白质补充剂,它们声称质量很高,但它们可能对普通健康成年人没有真正的好处。”。

高考Moreover, the tendency for universities to monitor and shape student behavior runs up against another characteristic of young adults: the response to being controlled by their elders.

此外,大学监控和塑造学生行为的趋势与年轻人的另一个特点背道而驰:受长辈控制的反应。

六级Experts believe there is a relationship between adult abuse of legitimate medicines and the drug culture that has swept our country.

专家认为,成年人滥用合法药物与席卷我国的毒品文化之间存在着某种联系。

六级Then Michael, the eldest of her four adult children suggested they move in with his family.

然后,迈克尔,她四个成年孩子中最大的一个,建议他们搬来和他的家人一起住。

四级Most kids and adults don't actually feel hungry when they eat half of their meal.

大多数儿童和成年人在吃了一半的食物后并不感到饥饿。

高考During those six months of hospitalizations, Becky, 12 at the time, adjusted to other adults being in the house when she returned from school.

在这六个月的住院期间,当时12岁的贝基从学校回来后,适应了家里其他成年人的生活。

四级Adults do not consider children's feelings when it comes to education.

成人在教育方面不考虑孩子的感受。

高考Any child must be accompanied by at least one paying adult.

任何儿童必须由至少一名付费成人陪同。

高考Adults understand what it feels like to be flooded with objects.

成年人理解被物体淹没的感觉。

四级The study included healthy, educated adults who took standard tests of memory, reasoning and perception at the outset and at some point over the next seven years.

这项研究包括受过教育的健康成年人,他们在开始时以及在未来七年的某个时候参加了标准的记忆、推理和感知测试。

四级The study, which followed more than 2,000 healthy adults between the ages of 18 and 60, found that certain mental functions—including measures of abstract reasoning, mental speed and puzzle-solving—started to dull as early as age 27.

这项研究对2000多名年龄在18岁至60岁之间的健康成年人进行了跟踪调查。研究发现,某些心理功能,包括抽象推理、思维速度和解谜等,早在27岁时就开始变得迟钝。

六级Stress is also starting earlier in life, with some data suggesting that today's teens are even more stressed than adults.

压力也开始在生命早期,一些数据表明,今天的青少年甚至比成年人压力更大。

四级A child's ability to become deeply absorbed in something, and derive intense pleasure from that absorption, is something adults spend the rest of their lives trying to return to.

孩子能够深深地专注于某件事,并从中获得强烈的快乐,这是成年人余生都在努力恢复的能力。

四级It will gradually weaken the eyes of adults

它会逐渐削弱成年人的眼睛

高考Emotional health is essential to a wonderful adult life.

情感健康对美好的成人生活至关重要。

六级They are taught to be compliant and respectful to adults.

他们被教导要顺从和尊重成年人。

六级Now, a new study that began with about 1,000 children in New Zealand has tracked how a child’s low self-control can predict poor health, money troubles and even a criminal record in their adult years.

现在,一项始于新西兰约1000名儿童的新研究追踪了儿童低自控力如何预测健康不佳、金钱问题,甚至成年后的犯罪记录。

六级And in 2010, the researchers reported that children aged 12 to 17 saw more athlete-endorsed food and beverage brand commercials than adults.

2010年,研究人员报告说,12至17岁的儿童观看的运动员代言的食品和饮料品牌广告比成年人多。

四级Adult day-care centers are easily accessible.

成人日托中心很容易进入。

六级Each group consisted of around 120 adults of similar age and education, and the test assessed their language skills.

每组由大约120名年龄和教育程度相似的成年人组成,测试评估了他们的语言技能。

四级On the other hand, they may want to live with their adult children.

另一方面,他们可能想和成年子女住在一起。

六级Terrie Moffitt's paper on "The link Between Childhood Self-control and Adult Status Decades Later" is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

特里·莫菲特关于“几十年后儿童自我控制与成人地位之间的联系”的论文发表在《美国国家科学院院刊》上。

四级When people care for an elderly relative, they often do not use available community services such as adult daycare centers.

当人们照顾老年亲属时,他们通常不使用可用的社区服务,如成人日托中心。

考研sixty toddlers were each introduced to an adult tester holding a plastic container.

六十个蹒跚学步的孩子被介绍给一个拿着塑料容器的成人测试者。

四级The new CNS Spectrums study was based on results of a nationwide telephone survey of more than 2,500 adults.

这项新的中枢神经系统频谱研究是基于对2500多名成年人的全国电话调查结果。

高考The changes of adult children's behavior.

成年儿童行为的变化。

四级Economic factors seem to explain less of why young adult women are increasingly likely to live at home.

经济因素似乎无法解释为什么年轻成年女性越来越可能住在家里。

四级They found that the majority of both kids and adults opted for a half-sized portion when combined with a prize.

他们发现,无论是儿童还是成人,大多数人都会选择一半大小的食物作为奖品。

高考Maxime's early entry into the adult world with its responsibilities gave her the determination to ensure that her kids would not end up in Waterhouse's roundabout of poverty.

马克西姆带着责任早早地进入了成人世界,这让她下定决心确保自己的孩子不会最终陷入沃特豪斯的贫困困境。

六级government's recommended daily allowanceRD for the average adult is 50 to 60 gram of protein a day.

政府建议普通成年人每天摄入50至60克蛋白质。

高考These advertise the presence of chicks to adults; they might also encourage our chick to start calling as well.

这些广告向成年人宣传小鸡的存在;他们也可能鼓励我们的小鸡也开始打电话。

六级MS is the biggest crippler of young adults.

MS是年轻人中最大的致残者。

高考Babies need a lot of rest: most of them sleep about 18 hours a day! adults need about eight hours.

婴儿需要大量休息:他们中的大多数每天睡18小时左右!成年人大约需要8小时。

高考But it can be taught to children and developed in adults.

但它可以教给儿童,也可以在成人身上发展。

四级The most recent of these studies, published in The Journal of Applied Gerontology, surveyed 150 Connecticut residents of assisted living, nursing homes and smaller residential care homes known in some states as board and care homes or adult care homes.

这些研究中最新的一项发表在《应用老年学杂志》上,调查了150名康涅狄格州的辅助生活、疗养院和一些州称为寄宿和护理院或成人护理院的小型住宿护理院的居民。

四级Even more interesting is that the promise of a future reward was enough to make adults choose the smaller portion.

更有趣的是,未来奖励的承诺足以让成年人选择更小的部分。

四级The results do not mean that young adults need to start worrying about their memories.

结果并不意味着年轻人需要开始担心他们的记忆。

高考Most of his adult life has been a losing struggle against debt and misfortune.

他成年后的大部分时间都在与债务和不幸的斗争中失败。

四级The thing that sets children apart from adults is not their ignorance, nor their lack of skills.

使儿童与成人区别开来的不是他们的无知,也不是他们缺乏技能。

六级Now, a new study that began with about 1,000 children in New Zealand has tracked how a child's low self-control can predict poor health, money troubles and even a criminal record in their adult years.

现在,一项始于新西兰约1000名儿童的新研究追踪了儿童低自控力如何预测健康不佳、金钱问题,甚至成年后的犯罪记录。

六级The Polytechnic is all adults and mostly preparation for exams like the Cambridge certificates.

这所理工学院的学生都是成年人,主要是为剑桥证书之类的考试做准备。

六级It's just that suddenly at university you are expected to behave like an adult.

只是在大学里,人们突然期望你表现得像个成年人。

六级So what factors, at the community level, do predict if poor children will move up the economic ladder as adults? What explains, for instance, why the Salt Lake City metro area is one of the 100 largest metropolitan areas most likely to lift the fortunes of the poor and the Atlanta metro area is one of the least likely?Harvard economist Raj Chetty has pointed to economic and racial segregation, community density, the size of a community's middle class, the quality of schools, community religiosity, and family structure, which he calls the single strongest correlate of upward mobility.

那么,在社区层面上,有哪些因素可以预测贫困儿童是否会在成年后的经济阶梯上上升呢?例如,是什么解释了为什么盐湖城大都会区是最有可能给穷人带来财富的100个最大大都会区之一,而亚特兰大大都会区是最不可能的地区之一?哈佛大学经济学家Raj Chetty指出了经济和种族隔离、社区密度、社区中产阶级的规模,学校的质量、社区的宗教信仰和家庭结构,他称之为向上流动的唯一最强关联。

四级By studying about 700 adult smokers, she found out that her mom quit the right way—by stopping abruptly and completely.

通过对700名成年吸烟者的研究,她发现她的母亲突然完全戒烟是正确的。

高考The same cognitive systems that make young children feel good about feel good about figuring something out may have been adopted by adult scientists.

成人科学家可能也采用了同样的认知系统,让孩子们对自己的想法感到满意。

四级Adults chose the smaller portion on the mere promise of a future award.

成年人选择较小的部分仅仅是因为他们承诺将来会获得奖励。

四级Eating a smaller portion of food does good to the health of kids and adults alike.

少吃食物对儿童和成人的健康都有好处。

考研They housed eight adult rats with two types of robotic rat- one social and one asocial - for 5 our days.

他们用两种机器人老鼠饲养了8只成年老鼠,一种是社交老鼠,另一种是社交老鼠,为期5天。

四级But by senior year, two-thirds have moved up to physics," says Gilbert "Our kids are coming to school in part because they know there are adults here who know them and care for them.

但是到了高年级,三分之二的学生已经升到了物理专业,”吉尔伯特说,“我们的孩子来学校的部分原因是因为他们知道这里有成年人认识他们并照顾他们。

高考Instead of promoting the idea of college as a passage from the shelter of the family to autonomy and adult responsibility, universities have given in to the idea that they should provide the same environment as that of the home.

大学没有将大学作为从家庭庇护所到自主和成人责任的通道,而是屈服于应该提供与家庭相同的环境的想法。

高考Learn how to deal with people now, because when you're an adult, you don't get to choose your boss or your co-workers, so learn how to respect them now.

现在就学会如何与人打交道,因为当你成年后,你不能选择你的老板或同事,所以现在就学会如何尊重他们。

四级Patterns of childhood eating can be hard to break when we're adults, which may mean that kids of depressed moms end up dying younger.

当我们成年后,童年时期的饮食模式很难打破,这可能意味着抑郁母亲的孩子最终会英年早逝。

六级A new study has failed to find any conclusive evidence that lifestyle changes can prevent cognitive decline in older adults.

一项新的研究没有发现任何确凿的证据表明生活方式的改变可以防止老年人认知能力的下降。

考研While it is easy to ignore in our contact with them the effect of our acts upon their disposition, it is not so easy as in dealing with adults.

虽然我们在与他们接触时很容易忽视我们的行为对他们性格的影响,但这并不像与成年人打交道那样容易。

四级Studies show that for adults there is no danger, but children can develop loss of vision if they have glasses inappropriate for their eyes.

研究表明,对成年人来说没有危险,但如果儿童戴的眼镜不适合他们的眼睛,他们可能会失明。

四级Whether you can successfully change your personality as an adult is the subject of a longstanding psychological debate.

作为一个成年人,你是否能成功地改变你的个性是一个长期存在的心理学争论的主题。

四级Both kids and adults felt satisfied with only half of their meal portions.

孩子和成年人都只对他们一半的膳食感到满意。

四级Why are adult children more likely to use community services to help care for elderly parents

为什么成年儿童更有可能利用社区服务来帮助照顾年迈的父母

四级It is reported that 49 million Americans are unsure of where they will find their next meal What's most surprising is that 36% of them live in households where at least one adult is working.

据报道,4900万美国人不确定下一顿饭在哪里吃。最令人惊讶的是,其中36%的人生活在至少有一名成年人在工作的家庭中。

四级[The most recent of these studies, published in The Journal of Applied Gerontology, surveyed 150 Connecticut residents of assisted living, nursing homes and smaller residential care homes ( ' , known in some states as board and care homes or adult care homes).

[这些研究中最新的一项发表在《应用老年学杂志》上,调查了150名康涅狄格州的辅助生活、疗养院和小型安老院(在一些州被称为“董事会和护理院”或“成人护理院”)的居民。

四级If the caregivers are adult children, they are more likely to use such services, especially because they often have jobs and other responsibilities

如果照顾者是成年儿童,他们更有可能使用此类服务,特别是因为他们经常有工作和其他责任

高考He finds that if babies aged 18 months see an unrelated adult with hands full trying to open a door, almost all will immediately try to help.

他发现,如果18个月大的婴儿看到一个没有亲缘关系的成年人正忙着开门,几乎所有的人都会立即帮忙。

六级The adult observers were able to reliably discern an assortment of emotions on the babies faces.

成年观察者能够可靠地辨别婴儿脸上的各种情绪。

六级Working-class parents teach their children to be obedient and show respect to adults.

工人阶级的父母教育他们的孩子要听话,尊重成年人。

四级Older adults, especially those with limited mobility or difficulty driving on their own, are one of the classic use-cases for driverless cars.

老年人,尤其是那些行动不便或难以独立驾驶的老年人,是无人驾驶汽车的典型使用案例之一。

六级Countries that have a shortage of young adults will be less willing to commit them to military service

缺少年轻人的国家将不太愿意让他们服兵役

高考The link between what the men had done as boys and how they turned out as adults was surprisingly sharp.

这些男人在男孩时期所做的事情与他们成年后的表现之间的联系令人惊讶地尖锐。

四级While cereal remains a firm favourite among breakfast consumers in the UK and US, a recent investigation into the sugar content of "adult" breakfast cereals found that some cereals contain more than three-quarters of the recommended daily amount of free s

尽管谷物仍然是英国和美国早餐消费者的最爱,但最近一项针对“成人”早餐谷物糖含量的调查发现,一些谷物含有超过每日推荐量的四分之三的免费谷物

六级For example, the shortage of young adults is likely to make countries more reluctant to commit the few they have to military service.

例如,年轻人的短缺可能会使一些国家更不愿意让少数人服兵役。

高考Third, youth-sport programs are critical for the learning of motor skills, these motor skills serve as a foundation for future national sport stars and recreational adult-sport participants.

第三,青少年运动项目是学习运动技能的关键,这些运动技能是未来国家体育明星和休闲成人体育参与者的基础。

高考Perhaps evolution provided human babies with curiosity and a natural drive to explain their worlds, and adult scientists simply make use of the same drive that served them as children.

也许进化为人类婴儿提供了好奇心和解释他们世界的自然动力,而成年科学家只是利用了与他们小时候一样的动力。

四级Our data suggests that older adults would benefit from continuing to get as much sleep as they did in their 30s

我们的数据表明,老年人继续获得与30多岁时一样多的睡眠将受益匪浅

四级Most kids and adults would choose a smaller meal that came with a non-food item.

大多数儿童和成人会选择一种非食物类的小吃。

高考However, greater parental involvement does not necessarily indicate that parents are failing to let go of their "adult" children.

然而,更多的父母参与并不一定意味着父母没有放过他们的“成年”孩子。

四级And that the characteristics adult children look for when they begin the search are not necessarily the things that make a difference to the people who are going to move in.

成年儿童在开始寻找时所寻找的特征不一定对即将入住的人产生影响。

四级What distinguishes children from adults is their strong ability to derive joy from what they are doing.

儿童与成人的区别在于他们从所做的事情中获得快乐的强大能力。

高考To sum up, The Curse of the Were-Rabbit is an amazing film which is suitable for both children and adults.

总而言之,《兔子的诅咒》是一部既适合儿童也适合成人观看的精彩电影。

高考Changing levels of body chemicals called hormones not only make teenagers' bodies develop adult characteristics, but also make it hard for teenagers to fall asleep before 11 pm.

一种叫做激素的身体化学物质水平的变化不仅使青少年的身体形成成人特征,而且使青少年在晚上11点之前难以入睡。

高考Know how to offer help to adults.

知道如何为成年人提供帮助。

六级She may have observed the adult moth just as it emerged from its pupa.

她可能已经观察到成年蛾刚从蛹中出来。

高考Confidence grows more rapidly in adults.

成年人的信心增长更快。

六级To make matters worse, these schools are ill-equipped to graduate these students— young adults who face specific challenges and obstacles.

更糟糕的是,这些学校没有能力让这些学生毕业——这些年轻人面临着特殊的挑战和障碍。

四级Yet moments like this one are just the kind of intense absorption and pleasure adults spend the rest of their lives seeking.

然而,像这样的时刻正是成年人余生所追求的那种强烈的专注和快乐。

高考Having your grandchildren far away is hard, especially knowing your adult child is struggling, but giving up the life you know may be harder.

让你的孙子远离你是很难的,尤其是知道你的成年孩子正在挣扎,但是放弃你所知道的生活可能会更难。

四级The popular notion that older people need less sleep than younger adults is a myth, scientists said yesterday.

科学家昨天说,普遍认为老年人比年轻人需要更少的睡眠是一个神话。

高考Jenny Mosley's quality circle time model involves setting up an on-going, timetable process of circle-meeting for adults and children.

Jenny Mosley的质量循环时间模型包括为成人和儿童建立一个持续的、有时间表的循环会议过程。

高考Trust adults with their hands full.

相信成年人,让他们满满当当。

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