词根词缀记忆/谐音联想记忆 补充/纠错
词根ad(强调)+van(前卫,先锋)+ce→强调先锋的 …………
串记记忆降临来临(advent)到这个世界开始冒险(adventure),逐渐进步前进(advance),变得先进的 …………
词性拓展记忆 / 词形拓展记忆
in advance 提前
in advance 提前
book in advance 提前预订
advance the development of the western region 推进西部大开发
advance in 提前
advance toward 向…前进
in advance of 提前
technological advances 技术进步
advance bill 预付款票据
advance one's career 促进职业发展
medical advances 医学进展
advance level 超前水平面
advance cautiously 谨慎地提出
glacial advance 冰川前进
in advance of sth. 在…之前
advance people's wellbeing 增进人民福祉
advance with the times 与时俱进
advance reforms 推进改革
advance into 进入
advance and enrich the fine cultural heritage of the nation 推进和丰富民族优秀文化遗产
in advance of ... 在…之前...
advance payment 预付款
a series of policies to advance reform, adjust structure and benefit the people 推进改革、调整结构、造福人民的一系列政策
an advance payment 预付款
advance copy 预先复印件
advance trade liberalization 推进贸易自由化
advance by leaps and bounds 突飞猛进
pay in advance 预付款
payment in advance 预付款
advance strategic partnership of coordination in an all-round manner 全面推进战略协作伙伴关系
advance the process steadily in a step-by-step fashion 以循序渐进的方式稳步推进该过程
Hunters have to plan in advance and in great detail.
They get advance DVD copies.
You can get it ready in advance.
The Xiong'an New Area, dubbed "a strategy crucial for a millennium to come", was established on April 1, 2017, by the central authorities to help advance the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region.
Chinese technology companies are seeking to advance intelligent driving systems to improve the efficiency and safety of global transportation.
Wang Dongjin, chairman of CNOOC, said the start of production of Mero2 has further deepened energy cooperation between China and Brazil and that the company will actively collaborate with partners to further advance energy cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative.
"When there was a power outage plan, the electric power company would contact us in advance so that we could adjust our production plan timely, which can ensure safer production.
For example, staff from the State Grid's power supply company in Anyang, Henan province has paid many visits to multiple enterprises in local villages to learn their demands and potential needs for electricity and accordingly optimize the power-supply system in advance.
As China continues on its path of advancing rural revitalization and boosting the modernization of the countryside, the country will keep cultivating rural industries in a precise and pragmatic manner, bringing about more measures to increase farmers' income and drive rural development, said the annual central rural work conference which was held in Beijing in December.
As the growing momentum in R&D is expected to become a new engine for high-quality growth, the nation will further advance the development of elite small and medium-sized enterprises that specialize in niche markets, boast cutting-edge technologies and show great potential, according to the tone-setting Central Economic Work Conference, which was held earlier this month.
All the 37 provincial and municipal-level key projects have commenced, leading to a well-organized order of project advancement, said Sun Zhaoxing, director of Changyi's development and reform bureau, emphasizing the city's focus on swiftly advancing key projects and fully utilizing advanced production capacity.
As the growing momentum in R&D is expected to become a new engine for high-quality growth, the nation will further advance the development of elite small and medium-sized enterprises that specialize in niche markets, boast cutting-edge technologies and show great potential, said the tone-setting Central Economic Work Conference held earlier this month.
China remains resolute in advancing high-quality growth and high-level opening-up, delivering enhanced services for global companies, said China's Minister of Commerce Wang Wentao.
On the inaugural day of this year's COP 28 on Thursday, the State Grid Corp of China released its latest action report on further advancing green and low-carbon energy transition, aiming to outline its commitment to pushing forward the process.
As high-speed railroad car components, such as wheel bogies, traditionally require multilayer coating and multistep baking production processes, Covestro signed a cooperation agreement in early November with CRRC Tangshan Co Ltd — a subsidiary of State-owned CRRC Corp Ltd — to advance the development and implementation of low-VOC (volatile organic compounds) and low-carbon emission coating systems in the railway transportation industry, supporting the sector's transition toward more sustainable practices.
In addition to signing a strategic cooperation agreement with five Chinese partners to launch an open innovation platform for sustainable development in the solar photovoltaic industry in early November, Covestro and Chinese electric vehicle brand HiPhi unveiled a joint laboratory to advance low-carbon footprint material solutions and smart technologies for future mobility.
Enterprises go full throttle to play bigger role in driving China's new industrialization, infrastructure upgradeChina is in pursuit of what is called Chinese modernization, a distinct, well-thought-out way to build a stronger country and advance national rejuvenation in the new era.
According to the latest China-US statement on enhancing climate cooperation, the two countries aim to advance at least five large-scale cooperative CCUS projects each by 2030, including from industrial and energy sources.
Wang Cheng, chief operating officer of TCL Technology, said developing digital technologies, promoting the digital transformation of enterprises, and deepening the integration of the digital and real economies is of great strategic significance in advancing new industrialization and bolstering high-quality economic development.
China's efforts to further advance high-standard opening-up have not only impacted global economic cooperation and trade growth positively, but also offered massive opportunities for foreign investment in the country, said Luo Zuoxian, head of intelligence and research at the Sinopec Economics and Development Research Institute.
The country's commitment to advancing high-standard opening-up policies has continuously provided MNCs with more investment and cooperation opportunities.
We will persist in driving green innovation, serving local market demands, advancing our research and manufacturing capabilities, and fostering broad partnerships within the industry," Rathninde said.
China's growing market, rapid technological development and advancing industry are paving the way for long-term, sustainable growth," Juang said.
"GDToday will advance towards becoming a flagship media platform for international communication in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, fully serving construction of the GBA and high-quality development of Guangdong," said Hou Xiaojun, vice-president of Nanfang Media Group and CEO of Southcn.
We have also recognized China's unwavering commitment to advancing its digital economy and achieving high-quality development," Zhao said.
Meanwhile, the mass market products have not only continued to advance in terms of quality and cost performance in comparison to the past, but many popular products that lead fashion trends, the senior executive said.
PepsiCo is advancing industry-leading goals for 2030 that include spreading regenerative practices across more than 2.8 million hectares of agricultural footprint, building a circular and inclusive value chain and net-zero emissions and net water positive activities, along with incorporating sustainable packaging.
Leveraging cutting-edge technologies such as big data and generative artificial intelligence, Lin's platform can advance HR management by providing customized solutions for 180 markets and 120 kinds of currencies around the world.
ai's globalization strategy and will advance the development of the global autonomous driving industry into a new stage.
"At Lululemon, we believe that everyone has the right to be well, and we are committed to advocating for and advancing a greater possibility of wellbeing for all," said San Yan Ng, senior vice president, Lululemon China.
State Grid ramping up international collaborations to promote infrastructure connectivity and people-to-people exchangesJudging by its overseas success stories, State Grid Corporation of China gets a real charge out of offering high-quality services to advance the Belt and Road Initiative.
In addition, State Grid has led the establishment of 18 technical report working groups in the International Council on Large Electric Systems and participated in a series of high-profile forums and other events to promote international cooperation and advance research on the global energy sector's transformation toward green operations.
As an important milestone of energy cooperation between China and Pakistan and their joint efforts to advance the BRI, it provides stable and high-quality power to 23.17 million people and a strong impetus for economic and social development, winning Corporate Social Responsibility Awards presented at the National Forum for Environment and Health in Pakistan in 2022 and 2023.
In recent years, State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power has promoted the construction of clean energy while ensuring power supply and advancing the clean energy development process.
We remain committed to advancing technological solutions that not only cater to the increasing global energy demand but also contribute to reduced emissions for each unit of energy added," said Terwiesch during his visit to Shanghai earlier this month.
Johnson & Johnson Vision, a global leader in eyecare and a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson MedTech, is doubling down its efforts on advancing its innovations and investments in China to offer more solutions to address a spectrum of patients' lifetime vision health from pediatric eyes to developed and aging eyes, said its top executive.
Johnson&Johnson Vision是眼保健领域的全球领导者,也是Johnson&Johnson MedTech的子公司,其首席执行官表示,该公司正在加倍努力推进在中国的创新和投资,以提供更多解决方案,解决从儿科眼睛到发达和衰老眼睛等一系列患者的终身视力健康问题。
Compared to Moloco's clients in the rest of the world, he said Chinese companies, especially big tech firms, are "very far in advance in all of these new trends.
Steven Zhang, the deputy CEO of Huawei Kenya, said the partnership with MaMa Doing Good seeks to advance social and economic progress among women by leveraging modern technology.
华为肯尼亚公司副首席执行官Steven Zhang表示,与MaMa Doing Good的合作旨在利用现代技术推动女性的社会和经济进步。
It has systematically initiated key initiatives and projects for advancing the GDI and materialized its commitment from six aspects: staying committed to development as a priority, to a people-centered approach, to benefits for all, to innovation-driven development, to harmony between man and nature, and to result-oriented actions.
"The Coffee Innovation Park highlights Starbucks foresight in elevating the supply chain through digitalization and advancing our sustainability agenda, enhancing our unique competitive advantage as we accelerate our global growth.
With a total area of 11,000 square meters and a combined investment of 100 million yuan ($13.73 million), the fully operational facility is designed to help advance and accelerate the development of novel therapeutics.
Mao reiterated that China is committed to advancing high-level opening-up, protecting the rights and interests of foreign companies in accordance with the law, and fostering a world-class business environment that is market-oriented, law-based and internationalized.
The country has a complete life cycle supply chain in PV facility manufacturing with advancing technologies that continuously drive down costs, enjoying an obvious scale effect.
Step two is to advance data-driven operations.
"Infrastructure companies seeking bigger global presence, especially in Central Asian and Southeast Asian nations, boast diplomatic advantages earned by the nation through its efforts in advancing multilateralism in recent years, for example, the BRI.
Efforts will be made to advance the signing of projects under negotiation, expedite construction of contracted projects and put completed projects into operation, Chen said.
"We fortified a flood barrier with two water pumps in advance for swift drainage.
The company plans to continue to strengthen its leading position with innovations and super-premium brands, including Corona, Blue Girl and Hoegaarden, to advance premiumization at scale in China.
该公司计划通过创新和超高端品牌,包括Corona、Blue Girl和Hoegaarden,继续巩固其领先地位,以在中国大规模推进高端化。
The company vows to steadily advance the research on coalbed methane and realize scale development to further ensure domestic energy safety.
"The company will continue to advance the approval and commercialization of other drug candidates to further address urgent unmet needs in China and the rest of Asia," he said.
Efforts by SOEs to expand effective investment and advance construction of major projects are conducive to creating more jobs, boosting domestic demand and spurring consumption, which will thus contribute to China's steady economic growth, Zhang said.
"As the country is making efforts to build itself into a manufacturing powerhouse, more efforts are needed to promote innovative application of the industrial internet and fully unleash the value of massive data resources, which are key to advancing new industrialization," he said.
Charmeil said Sanofi will advance rapid market entry of innovative products and introduce more than 25 innovative products into the China market between 2020 and 2025.
It is clear that China is further advancing opening-up and promoting globalization, a trend that stands out in the global landscape of rising protectionism, Wu said, adding that protectionism and foreign investment regimes are part of Temasek's top-of-mind issues in a complex world.
Many women said that getting pregnant affects their opportunities to get promoted and advance their careers.
Advance bookings indicated the highest growth is expected in the Asia-Pacific region, the Middle East and Europe, the IATA said.
"As addressing security gaps faces both more opportunities and challenges when AI is involved, forward-thinking companies tend to explore methods for proactive data defense, advance ransomware protection and make data management a top business priority.
"By contrast, we leverage AI models to detect threats more accurately and eliminate them in advance.
This latest expansion includes two R&D buildings, where new facilities and laboratories will be used to advance chemical research projects and create new sustainable solutions.
"With more automated operations, digital management and larger capacity, the new plant will advance the rapid development and innovation of capacitors and power quality technology," said Zhang Jinquan, executive vice-president of Hitachi Energy.
Most customers order the products in advance, as it requires some time to ship them.
Under the memorandum, China Baowu and Rio Tinto plan to jointly advance specific decarbonization projects, demonstrating their commitment to play a leading role in the industry's low-carbon transformation.
As a strong foundation for employees to advance in their future careers, language learning is closely related to many other interpersonal skills, such as problem-solving, leadership and teamwork.
Huawei aims to advance the industry's ecosystem through software openness and hardware availability.
Apple's official entry into the AR market will motivate more Chinese companies to follow up and jointly promote the optimization of the domestic AR industry chain while advancing the development of new display, battery and other components for human-machine interaction, Zhao said.
"In 2023, Honor will still maintain an aggressive attitude towards advancing products, and we will adhere to a high proportion of research and development investment.
"They play a key role in advancing the traditional manufacturing industry's transformation and upgrading by showcasing advanced technologies and facilitating the growth of new driving forces and advantages," he said, adding that the company has already booked exhibition areas at trade shows held in Guangzhou, Tokyo and Birmingham in the United Kingdom for the second half.
The planned Debrecen plant, experts said, will mark the latest foray by Chinese battery makers into overseas markets, and show that they are supported by expanding production capacity, advancing technologies and improving services, which also help them secure a significant market share worldwide.
Li Xianjun, an associate researcher at the Institute of Industrial Economics at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said, "Advanced manufacturing is playing an increasingly crucial role in bolstering technological innovation, advancing new industrialization and fostering high-quality development.
"With a focus on engineering practice, the contest aims to advance the student's innovation and practical skills, and encourage them to try to solve technical problems in real industrial scenes by making full use of interdisciplinary knowledge, so as to adapt to the changes brought about by new technologies," said Gu.
Zhang Yunming, vice-minister of industry and information technology, recently called on telecom companies to beef up the construction and application of new infrastructure, deepen efforts to promote an innovation-driven development strategy, and advance the integration of the digital and real economies.
The government has pledged to advance the development of online diagnosis and treatment as well as internet-based hospitals, which should help ease pressure on offline medical institutions and improve diagnosis efficiency.
The fact that Gestamp's products help to advance electrification was one major reason for the company's robust growth in China last year despite the lower market demand, said Lopez.
At the same time, the valuation system with Chinese characteristics will be further explored as policy steps for advancing industrial upgrading and SOE reforms will enable listed SOEs to begin reevaluation.
As an important pillar of China's economy, SOEs serve as an important fulcrum to expedite industrial transformation and upgrading and advance the cause of Chinese modernization.
Meng said the company follows the leadership of the collective, and the company's governance rules clearly stipulate the on-duty schedule, and she and other rotating chairpersons will advance their work in accordance with the governance charter.
"A partnership with a company like AstraZeneca can help advance science and build capability.
"This joint program demonstrates a strengthening of our partnership, as we progress ambitions established in our 2021 MoU and shows a willingness of the parties to advance innovative technologies that are fit for purpose for steel.
Both sides will further advance ties in energy cooperation, research and innovation, industrial projects, financial cooperation and talent exchanges, according to a statement released by the Guangdong provincial government.
On March 15, at a news briefing dedicated to foreign businesses in China, Vice-Minister of Commerce Sheng Qiuping reaffirmed China's commitment to continuously advancing opening-up.
"According to him, by providing technologies and semiconductors for wireless communications, advanced and power-efficient computing, and edge artificial intelligence, Qualcomm has worked closely with companies across industries and around the world – including in China – to innovate, advance the development of society, and drive economic growth.
Meanwhile, the group lays out its debt repayment plan in advance, with no offshore debt due in 2023.
"It helps us better understand industry trends and advance our international business," Luo said.
With China entering a new era of green and innovation-led growth, its State-owned enterprises will continue to deploy more resources in areas such as energy conservation, emission reduction and low-carbon growth to advance the country's green development, according to information released by the country's top State-owned assets regulator.
Yang Jie, chairman of China Mobile and a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, shared China Mobile's efforts in advancing the digital economy and its contribution to the Belt and Road Initiative during a written interview with China Daily website.
As a supporter of the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2021-2030, released by the World Health Organization in 2021, AB InBev has been advancing the 10-year action plan, utilizing innovative approaches such as digitalization to reinvent efforts related to road traffic safety.
Further efforts are still needed to advance technologies in both construction and operation," said Lin Boqiang, head of the China Institute for Studies in Energy Policy at Xiamen University in Fujian province.
Huawei Technologies Co showcased its latest smart road and smart port solutions at the ongoing Mobile World Congress 2023, as part of its broader push to leverage digital technologies, such as 5G and artificial intelligence, to advance industrial digital transformation.
China's State-owned enterprises are forecast to post higher revenues and expand their world market presence this year as the government encourages them to advance in "going global", said experts and business executives.
Steps taken to avoid repeated investments, competition overlap; accelerate growth of enterprising pioneersChina plans to advance the strategic restructuring and professional integration of its State-owned enterprises in 2023, especially in the areas of medical and health care, equipment manufacturing and mineral resources, government officials and experts said.
How we are advancing and evolving Hualuxe for the modern Chinese consumer is the best proof of our dedication to preserving Chinese aesthetics and sharing our local insights. "
China's growing market, rapid technological development and advancing industry are paving the way for long-term, sustainable growth.
Bayer China Academic Collaboration Award aims to honor distinguished scholars from prestigious Chinese universities and recognize their outstanding achievements in life sciences, medical science as well as drug research and development, to strengthen communication and coordination between the pharmaceutical industry and academia and to advance basic research applied to the research and development of new drugs, thus accelerating breakthrough innovations that will benefit patients.
I look forward to the continuous deepening of the partnership between the two parties, and jointly advance the development of the biopharma industry to benefit patients around the world," said Hong Wu, Chair Professor of School of Life Sciences, Peking University and Senior Investigator of Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences.
The train assessed meets expectations of the public passengers of top quality, more security to advance more people to use the public transports, Portuguese Minister of Environment and Climate Action Duarte Cordeiro told Xinhua.
Xie promised his company would further advance cooperation with CNOOC Ltd and related companies in building and reconstructing LNG refueling vessels and related LNG bunkering retrofitting projects in the months to come.
In 2023, the bourse aims to advance effectiveness and quality by attracting a group of high-quality innovation-oriented SMEs and leading the majority of SMEs to actively use the capital market for innovation and growth.
• We are deeply encouraged to see the introduction of policies and measures by the government to promote economic recovery and high-quality development, and believe it will help boost market confidence and advance market vitality.
With the increasing health awareness of the Chinese people and their growing demands for high-quality healthcare solutions, I believe foreign healthcare companies including Johnson & Johnson are gearing up to quickly respond to market needs, support the health and well-being of the Chinese people and advance the great drive of the Healthy China 2030 initiative.
In addition to establishing China Mineral Resource Group Ltd in Xiong'an New Area, North China's Hebei province, the government has kept advancing the integration of resources owned by central SOEs in the fields of healthcare, rare earth, pipeline network management, inspection and testing.
Thanks to the optimization of domestic COVID-19 prevention and control measures and the accelerated efforts of some State builders, many key infrastructure projects nationwide started operating on schedule or in advance, which experts said is expected to help further boost the nation's economic recovery by playing a bigger role in driving up not only investment but also employment and consumption.
- Huawei has been making efforts to advance digital development across a wide range of industries in Nepal.
As an important force in addressing climate change, businesses can take active measures to adjust the industrial structure, upgrade energy conservation and efficiency, cut greenhouse gas emissions, and advance synergistic efficiency in reducing pollution and carbon emission, shared Lu Xinming, deputy director-general of department of climate change affairs at China's Ministry of Ecology and Environment.

四级It seems to me that a compromise would be receiving the exam questions a day or two in advance, and then doing the actual test in class with the ticking clock overhead.


2017年12月四级真题(第一套)阅读 Section B

高考According to the Overseas Development Institute Odi, however, just 12% of disaster-relief funding in the past two decades has gone on reducing risks in advance, rather than recovery and rebuilding afterwards.


2016年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

高考He would call in advance to make sure there was no alcohol at the party.


2017年高考英语天津卷 阅读表达 原文

高考I would like to warn you in advance that if you smoked here you would be fined.


2015年高考英语湖北卷 单项选择 原文

高考It was often announced in advance.


2015年高考英语湖南卷 阅读理解 阅读C 选项

高考The inspections were supposed to be a surprise, but keeper sometimes had advance notice.


2015年高考英语湖南卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

高考To catch the early flight, we ordered a taxi in advance and got up very early.


2015年高考英语北京卷 单项填空 原文

高考We require the student's full details at least 4 weeks in advance.


2016年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

四级It contributes greatly to the advance of society as a whole.



四级Like any skill, cooking gets easier as you do it more; every time you cook, you advance your level of skills.



四级It may prevent your business and career from advancing.



四级Perhaps they prefer going into a nursing home and can select one in advance.



四级Planning everything in advance.



四级Although economic research and previous survey findings have shown that career interruptions related to motherhood may make it harder for women to advance in their careers and compete for top executive jobs, relatively few adults in the recent survey poin


2019年6月四级真题(第二套)阅读 Section C

六级It represents the rapid technological advance in people's daily life.



六级There is an incompatibility in the rate at which these are advancing relative to the way we're digesting it, he said.



六级Our mission is to promote, protect and advance the social work profession.



六级But this vote of confidence in Oprah sends a troubling message at precisely the time when American universities need to do more to advance the cause of reason.



六级Devotion to the advance of science.



六级Do you think I should tell her in advance that I'm a vegetarian?



考研Spencer argued that all worldly phenomena, including human societies,changed over time, advancing toward perfection.



考研First two hours , now three hours—this is how far in advance authorities are recommending people show up to catch a domestic flight , at least at some major U.airports with increasingly massive security lines.



考研But since such students are most likely to advance economically if they succeed in higher education, colleges and universities have pushed for decades to recruit more of them.


2015年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

考研Consider the person that you re dealing with in advance and what will get you to your desired outcome.


2020年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

考研first two hours, now three hours一this is how far in advance authorities are recommending people show up to catch a domestic flight, at least at some major U.S. airports with increasingly massive security lines.


2017年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

考研Impulsive spending isn't an option, so plan your week's menu in advance, making shopping lists for your ingredients in their exact quantities.


2013年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

考研The advance is driven in part by vehicle manufacturers, who are placing big bets on battery-powered electric vehicles.


2018年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

考研Young people who are still getting started in life were more likely than older adults to prioritize personal fulfillment in their work, to believe they will advance their careers most by regularly changing jobs, to favor communities with more public servi


2016年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

四级Planning everything in advance



六级As Niccolo Machiavelli wrote in The Prince, one of the major obstacles in any effort to advance systemic change is the “incredulity of men,” which is to say that people “do not readily believe in new things until they have had a long experience of them.



六级Teaches may have a chance to find them in advance.



六级One of the biggest challenges facing employers and educators today is the rapid advance of globalization.



四级In response to the same forces that have driven the world economy, universities have become More self-consciousy global: seeking students from around the world who represent the entire range of cultures and values, sending their own students abroad to prepare them for global careers, offering courses of study that address the challenges of an interconnected world and collaborative (合作的)research programs to advance science for the benefit of all humanity.



四级On the other, the new generation can find it more difficult to advance — an argument that typically holds little sway to a nevertiree.



四级Rapid technological advance has raised the incomes of the highly skilled while squeezing those of the unskilled.



四级It seems to me that a compromise would be receiving the exam questions a day or two in advance, and then doing the actual test in class the ticking clock overhead.



四级And they assume that if and when they have children, it will be even harder for them to advance in their careers.



四级Although economic research and previous survey findings have shown that career interruptions related to motherhood may make it harder for women to advance in their careers and compete for top executive jobs, relatively few adults in the recent survey point to this as a key barrier for women seeking leadership roles.



四级Like any skill, cooking gets easier as you do it more: every time you cook, you advance your level of skills.



考研The number of men in women-dominated fields is still small and they haven’t attracted the attention that has often followed women advancing into male-dominated fields, but men are moving into more and more jobs that have traditionally been held by women.



考研For an indefinite period from here on, mankind is going to advance cautiously, and consider itself lucky that it can advance at all.



考研Much modern technological advance is based on these presumptions of legal security.



考研Americans flocked to these fairs to admire the new machines and thus to renew their faith in the beneficence of technological advance.



考研Spencer argued that all worldly phenomena, including human societies, changed over time, advancing toward perfection.