affect 

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高中CET4CET6考研TOEFLIELTS
单词释义
v.影响,侵袭,使感染,(感情上)深深打动,使悲伤(或怜悯等),假装,炫耀
n.【心】情感,【数】偏差
词根词缀记忆/谐音联想记忆 纠错 +补充
词根af 加强 + fect 做,制作 → 促使别人做  …………
其他怎么记纠错 +补充
词根记忆af加强+fect做,制作---促使别人做---影响
词性拓展记忆 / 词形拓展记忆
原形:affect第三人称单数:affects过去式:affected过去分词:affected现在分词:affecting
对比记忆 / 类比记忆 / 形近词记忆
affect / defect / effect / infect
affect vt.影响;(疾病)侵袭;感动 n.情感,感情
defect n.过失;缺点;不足
effect n.结果;效果;影响;印象 vt.招致;实现;达到
in …………
辨析记忆
affect / influence / impress
这些动词均含“影响”之意。
affect → 作主语通常是物而不是人,指一物对另一物产生的消极影响。
influence → 侧重在思想、性格、行为等方面所产生的潜移默化的影响,也可指自然力的影响。
impress → 强调影响既深刻又持久 …………
词根记忆 / 词缀记忆
affect v 影响,感动(af使+fect=使人做=影响)
fac,fact,fect,fic,fig=make,do,表示”做,制作”
facile a 容易做的(fac+ile能…的)
facilitate v 使容易(fac+ilitale能 …………
单词例句
He was deeply affected by my words.
他听了我的话很受感动。
No one can change you, others can only affect you.
没有人能改变你,别人只能影响你。
The news did not affect her at all.
那个消息对她没任何影响。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

四级We validated these expectations in a study in which two other psychologists and I monitored 373 students for two years during the transition to junior high school, when the work gets more difficult and the grading -102- more strict, to determine how their mind-sets might affect their math grades.

我们在一项研究中验证了这些期望。在这项研究中,我和另外两位心理学家对373名学生进行了为期两年的监控,在他们进入初中的过程中,学习变得更加困难,102级的成绩也变得更加严格,以确定他们的思维定势可能会如何影响他们的数学成绩。

六级The protection and improvement of the human environment is a major issue which affects the well-being of peoples and economic development throughout the world, read the final declaration from this gathering, the first of a sequence which would lead to the Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit in 1992 and the World Development Summit in Johannesburg three years ago.

“保护和改善人类环境是影响全世界人民福祉和经济发展的一个重大问题,”本次会议的《最后宣言》写道,这是1992年里约热内卢地球首脑会议和三年前约翰内斯堡世界发展首脑会议的第一步。

高考They are affected by certain body chemicals.

它们受到某些人体化学物质的影响。

四级Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain.

脑细胞的变化会影响大脑不同区域之间的交流。

考研Because US colleges and universities seldom acknowledge how social class can affect students' educational experiences, many first-generation students lack insight about why they are struggling and do not understand how students like them can improve.

由于美国高校很少承认社会阶层如何影响学生的教育经历,因此许多第一代学生缺乏对他们为何如此挣扎的洞察力,也不了解像他们这样的学生如何提高。

四级it seriously affected family relationships

这严重影响了家庭关系

高考David Dominoni, of Glasgow university, said that light from street lamps, takeaway signs and homes is affecting the birds' biological clocks, leading to them being wide awake when they should be asleep.

格拉斯哥大学的大卫·多米诺尼(David Dominoni)说,街灯、外卖招牌和家里的光线影响着这些鸟的生物钟,导致它们在应该睡觉的时候完全清醒。

考研If people in the network just two degrees removed from the initial influential prove resistant, for example, the cascade of change won't propagate very far or affect many people.

例如,如果网络中的人与最初的影响力相差两度,证明他们有抵抗力,那么这一连串的变化就不会传播太远,也不会影响很多人。

高考Technological change is everywhere and affects every aspect of life, mostly for the better.

技术变革无处不在,影响着生活的方方面面,主要是为了更好。

高考If a basketball star is, for example, trying to gain a high personal point total, he may take a shot himself when it would be better to pass the ball to a teammate, affecting the team's performance.

例如,如果一名篮球明星试图获得较高的个人总分,他可能会在最好将球传给队友时自己投篮,从而影响球队的表现。

高考The writer mentions birds and frogs to show how light pollution affects animals.

作者提到鸟类和青蛙来说明光污染是如何影响动物的。

六级How did Sears' goal-setting affect its employees?

西尔斯的目标设定如何影响其员工?

六级Two strains of the disease, with almost identical symptoms, affected humans-Ebola-Zaire and Ebola-Sudan.

两种症状几乎相同的病毒株感染了人类扎伊尔埃博拉和苏丹埃博拉。

高考This affects their nervous systems and ability to produce baby birds, and can lead to kidney failures and death.

这会影响它们的神经系统和繁殖小鸟的能力,并可能导致肾衰竭和死亡。

高考According to some researchers, we can use firewalls to avoid robots' affecting the world.

根据一些研究人员的说法,我们可以使用防火墙来避免机器人影响世界。

六级They are free from the greenhouse effects affecting forced riders.

它们不受强制骑手的温室效应影响。

高考It is obvious that the way much coffee is grown affects many aspects many aspects of life, from the local environment to the global ecology.

很明显,咖啡的种植方式影响着生活的方方面面,从当地环境到全球生态。

四级According to Professor Maressa Orzack, Internet use would be considered excessive if it seriously affected family relationships

根据马雷萨·奥扎克教授的说法,如果互联网严重影响家庭关系,那么互联网的使用将被认为是过度的

六级migrating birds affect ecosystems both at home and at their winter destinations, and disrupting the traditional routes could have unexpected side effects.

候鸟影响着家里和冬季目的地的生态系统,扰乱传统路线可能会产生意想不到的副作用。

四级It was not known, however, whether central fatigue might also affect motor systems not directly involved in the exercise itself, such as those that move the eyes.

然而,尚不清楚中枢疲劳是否也会影响运动本身不直接参与的运动系统,例如移动眼睛的运动系统。

考研In effect, fewer federal funds today are going towards the agency's other work—such as forest conservation, watershed and cultural resources management, and infrastructure upkeep—that affect the lives of all Americans.

事实上,如今越来越少的联邦资金用于该机构的其他工作,如森林保护、流域和文化资源管理以及影响所有美国人生活的基础设施维护。

六级When psychologists and educators test for learning styles, they're trying to figure out whether these are inherent traits that affect how well students learn instead of just a preference.

当心理学家和教育工作者测试学习风格时,他们试图弄清楚这些是否是影响学生学习效果的内在特征,而不仅仅是偏好。

考研If people in the network just two degrees removed from the initial influential prove resistant,for example from the initial influential prove resistant,for example the cascade of change won’t propagate very far or affect many people.

如果网络中的人与最初的有影响力的人仅相差两度,比如说,与最初的有影响力的人相比,比如说,这一连串的变化不会传播太远,也不会影响很多人。

六级Instead of narrowing our focus, like negative emotions do, positive emotions affect our brains in ways that increase our awareness, attention and memory.

与消极情绪一样,积极情绪并没有缩小我们的注意力,相反,积极情绪会以提高我们的意识、注意力和记忆力的方式影响我们的大脑。

六级Ms.Lareau doesn't believe participating in fewer after-class activities will negatively affect children's development.

拉罗女士不认为减少课外活动会对孩子的发展产生负面影响。

六级It will slash staffing at its fleet of 770 stores, a move affecting some 3,000 employees.

该公司将削减770家门店的员工数量,这一举措影响到约3000名员工。

考研This may not only do damage to your relationship with your child but also affect your child's self-esteem.

这不仅会损害你与孩子的关系,还会影响孩子的自尊。

六级The company had previously announced the planned closures, but had not said which locations would be affected.

该公司此前已宣布了计划中的关闭,但没有说哪些地点将受到影响。

六级However, placing too much emphasis on being a good team player can negatively affect your career growth.

然而,过分强调团队合作会对你的职业发展产生负面影响。

六级They may affect the results of experiments.

它们可能会影响实验结果。

高考How are cafes affected by French lifestyle changes?

法国生活方式的改变对咖啡馆有何影响?

六级As the report authors point out, even near-misses might lead to the "creation of a burdensome regulatory framework and affect the future disposition of science CubeSats.

正如报告作者所指出的,即使是未遂事件也可能导致“建立一个繁重的监管框架,并影响科学立方体卫星的未来配置”。

四级They affect people's health.

它们影响人们的健康。

高考Traditional wisdom also has it that heavy television-watching lowers IQ scores and affects school performance.

传统观点还认为,看电视太多会降低智商分数,影响学校表现。

六级And that's going to affect us, as if we didn't have enough problems on our hands.

这会影响我们,好像我们手头没有足够的问题。

六级A supervisor's action toward a poorly performing worker can affect the attitudes of other employees.

主管对表现不佳的员工的行为会影响其他员工的态度。

高考When I was 50, my weight problem began to affect me seriously.

当我50岁时,我的体重问题开始严重影响我。

六级Furthermore, with continuing advances in individual genome sequencing and the advent of personalized medicine, more non-scientists will need to be comfortable analyzing complex scientific information to make decisions that directly affect their quality of

此外,随着个体基因组测序的不断进步和个性化医疗的出现,更多的非科学家将需要舒适地分析复杂的科学信息,以做出直接影响其生命质量的决策

四级But the idea is, if you generate it from your side, it's got to affect the other side, if you get the right customers in.

但这个想法是,如果你从你这边产生,它会影响到另一边,如果你得到了正确的客户。

高考It's surprising how much simple movements of the body can affect the way we think.

令人惊讶的是,身体的简单运动会对我们的思维方式产生多大的影响。

四级Her biggest concern is the emphasis American culture places on thinness and the negative ways this affects girls today.

她最担心的是美国文化对苗条的重视以及苗条对当今女孩的负面影响。

六级It's also your choice if you want to go out at night, but you will be foolish to let that affect your class performance during the day.

如果你想晚上出去,这也是你的选择,但如果你让这影响到你白天的课堂表现,那你就太傻了。

四级"It's so rare that we get an opportunity to affect so much change on one life," White wrote.

怀特写道:“我们很少有机会对一个人的生活产生如此大的影响。”。

六级Farmers and consumers may be affected by harmful bacteria.

农民和消费者可能受到有害细菌的影响。

六级This description of roller-skating illustrates the three components of an attitude: affect, cognition, and behavior.

对Roll-SkatingXa0的描述说明了态度的三个组成部分:情感、认知和行为。

六级Migrating birds affect ecosystems both at home and at their winter destinations, and disrupting the traditional routes could have unexpected side effects.

候鸟影响着家里和冬季目的地的生态系统,扰乱传统路线可能会产生意想不到的副作用。

六级It has affected house owners more than stock holders.

它对房主的影响大于股东。

六级Communications with others not only affects our sense of identity but also directly influences our physical and emotional well-being.

与他人的交流不仅影响我们的认同感,而且直接影响我们的身心健康。

考研It remains to be seen how weather conditions affect the air flows that make formation flight more efficient .

天气条件如何影响气流,使编队飞行更有效,还有待观察。

六级How Obama's agenda is going to affect the life of Americans.

奥巴马的议程将如何影响美国人的生活。

考研Personality can affect how a person reacts to eye contact.

个性会影响一个人对目光接触的反应。

六级One of the most common dangers to climbers is altitude sickness, which can affect even very experienced climbers.

登山者最常见的危险之一是高原反应,即使是经验丰富的登山者也会受到影响。

六级In ponds closest to the colony, the result showed there were far more pollutants than the ponds less affected by the birds.

结果表明,在离蜂群最近的池塘中,污染物远远多于受鸟类影响较小的池塘。

考研He was not interested in daily politics, but concerned with questions of moral behavior and the larger questions of right and wrong affecting the entire society.

他对日常政治不感兴趣,但关注道德行为问题以及影响整个社会的更大的是非问题。

四级What did Steve Jobs do that most deeply affected people's way of life?

史蒂夫·乔布斯做了什么对人们的生活方式影响最大?

四级The effects are complex, affected by socio-economic factors, health-service provision, emotional support and other more physiological (生理的) mechanisms.

其影响是复杂的,受社会经济因素、卫生服务提供、情感支持和其他更多生理因素的影响(生理的) 机制。

高考To be punctual one has to have self-discipline, and the lack of it affects others.

要守时就必须有自律,而自律的缺乏会影响到其他人。

六级Data reveals that economic inequality rather than family income might affect people's well-being.

数据显示,经济不平等而不是家庭收入可能会影响人们的福祉。

四级Global temperatures affect the rate of economic development.

全球气温影响经济发展速度。

六级Newsweek ranked 165 countries, looking at five areas that affect women's lives; treatment under the law, workforce participation, political power, and access to education and health care

《新闻周刊》对165个国家进行了排名,考察了影响妇女生活的五个方面;法律规定的待遇、劳动力参与、政治权力以及获得教育和医疗的机会

六级the proposed reforms will affect too many people's interests

拟议的改革将影响太多人的利益

六级Automation isn't just affecting factory workers, either.

自动化也不仅仅影响工厂工人。

六级At the Exploratorium in San Francisco, we recently studied how learning to ask good questions can affect the quality of people's scientific inquiry.

在旧金山的科学探索博物馆,我们最近研究了如何学习问好问题会影响人们的科学探究的质量。

六级The report doesn't really say how that information would affect consumer buying decisions.

该报告并没有真正说明这些信息将如何影响消费者的购买决定。

六级How did the economic crisis affect Americans?

经济危机对美国人有何影响?

四级We validated these expectations in a study in which two other psychologists and I monitored 373 students for two years during the transition to junior high school, when the work gets more difficult and the grading more strict, to determine how their mind-

我们在一项研究中验证了这些期望。在这项研究中,我和另外两位心理学家对373名学生进行了为期两年的监控,在他们进入初中的过程中,学习变得更加困难,评分也更加严格,以确定他们的思维方式-

高考How robocalls are affecting the world of technology.

机器人是如何影响技术世界的。

六级People physically fit enough to survive over 100 years ultimately give in to diseases such as Alzheimer’s, which affects the mind and cognitive function.

身体健康的人能够活过100年,最终会患上阿尔茨海默症等影响大脑和认知功能的疾病。

四级Mothers' negative personality characteristics may affect their children's life spans.

母亲的消极性格特征可能会影响孩子的寿命。

六级They want to know if the economic crisis would affect our ability to carry out the deal we signed last November.

他们想知道经济危机是否会影响我们执行去年11月签署的协议的能力。

考研In the 2006 film version of The Devil Wears Prada, miranda Priestly, played by Meryl Streep, scolds her unattractive assistant for imagining that high fashion doesn't affect her.

在2006年的电影版《穿普拉达的魔鬼》中,梅丽尔·斯特里普扮演的米兰达·普里斯特利指责她的助手认为高雅时尚不会影响她。

六级Lingering racism If the Obama effect is positive for African Americans, how is it affecting their white compatriots (同胞)

挥之不去的种族主义如果奥巴马效应对非裔美国人是积极的,那么它如何影响他们的白人同胞呢(同胞)

四级The air you breathe in a plane dries out your mouth and nose, which can affect your sense of taste.

你在飞机上呼吸的空气会使你的嘴和鼻子变干,这会影响你的味觉。

高考It was a change that took place without being noticed though it was of the extreme importance, a spiritual change which affected the whole state.

这是一个没有被注意到的变化,尽管它非常重要,一个影响整个国家的精神变化。

高考Welch examined a sick boy, Billy, and knew he had diphtheria, a deadly infectious disease mainly affecting children.

韦尔奇检查了一个生病的男孩比利,知道他患有白喉,一种主要影响儿童的致命传染病。

四级But a lapse (缺失) of integrity also affects our relationships with others.

但是一个失误(缺失) 正直的品质也会影响我们与他人的关系。

高考It will affect tourism in dartmoor.

这将影响达特穆尔的旅游业。

高考These actions have greatly affected the ecological balance.

这些行动极大地影响了生态平衡。

四级What is said to be a factor affecting our appetite and food intake?

什么是影响我们食欲和食物摄入的因素?

高考It is important to pay your electricity bill on time, as late payments may affect your credit.

按时支付电费是很重要的,因为延迟支付可能会影响您的信用。

六级Despite mournful polar bears and charts showing carbon emissions soaring, most people find it hard to believe that global warming will affect them personally.

尽管北极熊哀伤不已,图表显示碳排放量飙升,但大多数人很难相信全球变暖会对他们个人造成影响。

六级And on reflection, this is not surprising; the single word environment has so many dimensions, and there are so many other factors affecting wealth—such as the oil deposits—that teasing out a simple economy-environment relationship would be almost impossible.

反省一下,这并不奇怪;单词环境有如此多的维度,还有如此多的其他因素影响着财富,比如石油储量,因此挑出一个简单的经济-环境关系几乎是不可能的。

考研For a social epidemic to occur,however,each person so affected,must then influence his or her own acquaintances,who must in turn influence theirs,and so on;and just how many others pay attention to each of these people has little to do with the initial influential.

然而,对于一种社会流行病的发生,每个受影响的人都必须影响他或她自己的熟人,而熟人又必须反过来影响他们的熟人,依此类推;而其他人对这些人的关注程度与最初的影响力没有多大关系。

考研Previous studies on CSR have had trouble differentiating these effects because consumers can be affected by all three.

以前关于企业社会责任的研究很难区分这些影响,因为消费者可能会受到这三种影响。

六级Your feelings about your willpower affect the way you behave.

你对意志力的感觉会影响你的行为方式。

六级And the World Resources Institute ( ' , WRI) in its World Resources 2005 report, issued at the end of August, produced several such examples from Africa and Asia; it also demonstrated that environmental degradation affects the poor more than the rich, as poorer people derive a much higher proportion of their income directly from the natural resources around them.

世界资源研究所(WRI)在8月底发布的《2005年世界资源报告》中,从非洲和亚洲列举了几个这样的例子;它还表明,环境退化对穷人的影响大于富人,因为穷人直接从周围的自然资源中获得的收入比例要高得多。

高考Wherever human light spills into the natural world, some aspect or life is affected.

只要人类的光进入自然世界,就会影响某些方面或生命。

六级Even for those most acutely affected – say, low-skilled workers, or California residents – the impact isn't all that dramatic.

即使对那些受影响最严重的人——比如低技能工人或加州居民——影响也不那么显著。

六级Every thought that you have affect your body chemistry within a split second.

你的每一个想法都会在瞬间影响你的身体化学反应。

六级Another way in which meat production affects the environment is through the use of water and land.

肉类生产影响环境的另一种方式是利用水和土地。

六级The "energy crisis" of 1973-1974 in the United States demonstrated how the price of oil can affect US government policies and the energy-using .

1973-1974年美国的“能源危机”表明了石油价格如何影响美国政府的政策和能源使用。

高考The people's hearing might be affected.

人民的听力可能会受到影响。

四级It mix all the decisions that affect the school,including rules, the timetable and accepting or rejecting new students and teachers

它混合了影响学校的所有决定,包括规则、时间表以及接受或拒绝新生和老师

高考On a local level, the damage of the forest required by full-sun fields affects the area's birds and animals.

在地方层面上,阳光充足的农田对森林造成的破坏影响到该地区的鸟类和动物。

六级What does the speaker seem to believe about those affected by alcoholism

演讲者似乎对那些受酒精中毒影响的人有什么看法

四级Along with the deaths, the report said that the lives of 325 million people, primarily in poor countries, were being seriously affected by climate change.

报告说,除了死亡人数外,气候变化还严重影响着3.25亿人的生活,这些人主要生活在穷国。

四级The report says America's urbanization will continue to be the most significant issue affecting the industry, as cities across the country imitate the walkability and transit-oriented development making cities like New York and San Francisco so successful.

报告说,美国的城市化将继续成为影响该行业的最重要的问题,因为全国各地的城市模仿步行能力和面向交通的发展,使得纽约和旧金山这样的城市如此成功。

四级to see whether people's personality affects their life span to find out if one's lifestyle has any effect on their health to investigate the role of exercise in living a long lifeto examine all the factors contributing to longevity They have a good understanding of evolution.

为了了解人们的性格是否会影响寿命,为了弄清一个人的生活方式是否对他们的健康有任何影响,为了调查运动在长寿中的作用,为了研究所有导致长寿的因素,他们对进化有很好的理解。

四级They can affect a person's ability to get a job and qualification for benefits.

它们会影响一个人获得工作的能力和获得福利的资格。

四级Another issue affecting real estate in the coming year will be America's failing infrastructure.

未来一年影响房地产的另一个问题将是美国日益衰败的基础设施。

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