affect

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英音 [əˈfekt]   美音 [əˈfekt]  
高中CET4CET6考研TOEFLIELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
vt.影响;感染;感动;假装
vi.倾向;喜欢
n.情感;引起感情的因素
怎么记 纠错 +补充
词根a(=to)+fect(做[fac,fact,fect,fic,fig=make,do,表示"做,制作"])→反…
网友怎么记
词根af加强+fect做,制作---促使别人做---影响贡献者:eva5…
单词例句
He was deeply affected by my words.
他听了我的话很受感动。
No one can change you, others can only affect you.
没有人能改变你,别人只能影响你。
The news did not affect her at all.
那个消息对她没任何影响。
拓展记忆
affect v 影响,感动(af使+fect=使人做=影响)
fac,fact,fect,fic,fig=make,do,表示”做,制作”
facile a 容易做的(fac+ile能…的)
facilitate v 使容易(fac+ilitale能够=使能够做=使容易)
facility n 便利,便利设备(容易让人做事)
factor n 要素,动力(fact+or=促使人做的东西=要素,动力)
benefactor n 捐助者,恩人(bene好+fact+or=做好事的人)
benefaction n 善事,恩惠(bene好+fact+ion)
malefaction n 罪恶,犯罪(male坏+fact+ion)
facsimile n 复写,传真(fac+simile相同=做出相同的东西=传真)
faction n 宗派,小集团(fact+ion=[一帮人]做=小集团)
factious a 搞派别的(faction的形容词)
factitious a 人为的,不自然的(fact +itious…的=做出来的,不自然的)
manufacture a 制造(业)(manu手+fact+ure=手做=制造业(机器发明前用手做)) 前用
的手做))
affect v 影响,感动(af使+fect=使人做=影响)
affected a 受感动的,假装的(affect 影响+ed=被影响的=被感动的)
affection n 感情,友情(affect+ion=感动=感情)
affectation n 假装(affect+ation=做出的感动=假装)
affectionate a 充满感情的(affection 感情+ate)
affective a 令人感动的( affect感动+ive表示主动的形容词=令人感动的)
confection n 糖果(con共同+fect+ion=混在一起=糖果)
confectionery n 糖果店(confection糖果+ery=糖果店)
defect n 缺点,缺陷,变节(de坏+fect=做坏了=缺陷)
defection n 叛党,变节(de坏+fect=做坏事=叛党)
disaffect a 使…感情疏远,不满(dis分开+affect感情=感情分开=疏远)
disaffected a 不满的,背离的(disaffect+ed)
effect v 实施,生效,效果(ef出+fect=做出来=生效,效果)
effective v 有效的(effect +ive)
effectuate v 使…有效(effect+uate表示动词)
infect v 传染,感化(in进入+fact=做进去=传染进去)
infection n 传染,感化(infect+ion)
infectious a 传染性的(infect+ious)
perfect a 完美的,完全的(per全部+fect=全部做完=完美的)
perfection n 完全,完美(perfect+ion)
sacrifice v 牺牲n. 牺牲品(sacri神圣+fice=为神做的东西=牺牲品)
efficacy n 功效,功能(ef出+fic+acy=做出来的结果=功效)
efficacious a 有效应的(efficacy.y 变成i,再加ous)
efficient a (做事)有效的(ef出+fic+ent=能做出事来=有效率的)
proficient a 精通的,熟练的(pro前+fic+ient=以前做过=熟练的)
proficiency n 精通,熟练(pro+fic+inecy)
suffice v 使满足,充足(suf在下面+fice=在下面先做好=充足)
sufficient a 足够的,充分的(suffice+inet)
profit n 利润,利益(pro前+fit[=fict]=先做的好处=利益)
profitable a 有利润的(profit+able)
fiction n 虚构,小说(fict+ion=做出的故事=小说)
fictitious a 虚构的(fict+itious)
feat n 功绩,事业(feat=fact做大事=功绩)
feature n 面貌,特征(feat+ure=做事的状态=做事特征)
feasible a 可行的,可能的(feas做+ible=能够做的=可行的)
malfeasance n 不法行为(mal坏+feas+ance=做坏事)
defeat v 打败,摧毁(de向下+feat=做下去=打下去)
defeatism n 失败主义(defeat +ism)
figment n 虚构的事物(fig+ment=做出的东西=虚构)
figure n 形象,人物(fig+ure =做出的状态=形象)
transfigure v 使变形,使改观(trans改变+figure形状)
configuration n 结构,形状,配置(con共同+figure形象+ion=形象放在一起=总结构)
fashion n 时髦,风气(fash[=fac 做]+ion=做出的东西=时髦)
fashionable a 时髦的,流行的(fashion+able)
辨析记忆
affect / influence / impress
这些动词均含“影响”之意。
affect → 作主语通常是物而不是人,指一物对另一物产生的消极影响。
influence → 侧重在思想、性格、行为等方面所产生的潜移默化的影响,也可指自然力的影响。
impress → 强调影响既深刻又持久。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

六级Automation isn't just affecting factory workers, either.

自动化也不仅仅影响工厂工人。

四级it seriously affected family relationships

这严重影响了家庭关系

考研In effect, fewer federal funds today are going towards the agency's other work—such as forest conservation, watershed and cultural resources management, and infrastructure upkeep—that affect the lives of all Americans.

事实上,如今越来越少的联邦资金用于该机构的其他工作,如森林保护、流域和文化资源管理以及影响所有美国人生活的基础设施维护。

四级It is a chief factor affecting students' learning.

它是影响学生学习的主要因素。

高考This affects their nervous systems and ability to produce baby birds, and can lead to kidney failures and death.

这会影响它们的神经系统和繁殖小鸟的能力,并可能导致肾衰竭和死亡。

高考When I was 50, my weight problem began to affect me seriously.

当我50岁时,我的体重问题开始严重影响我。

六级How Obama's agenda is going to affect the life of Americans.

奥巴马的议程将如何影响美国人的生活。

高考They are affected by certain body chemicals.

它们受到某些人体化学物质的影响。

六级Communications with others not only affects our sense of identity but also directly influences our physical and emotional well-being.

与他人的交流不仅影响我们的认同感,而且直接影响我们的身心健康。

六级Data reveals that economic inequality rather than family income might affect people's well-being.

数据显示,经济不平等而不是家庭收入可能会影响人们的福祉。

六级The company had previously announced the planned closures, but had not said which locations would be affected.

该公司此前已宣布了计划中的关闭,但没有说哪些地点将受到影响。

高考From the experience, I learned a lot about how the attitude of the leader can affect the members of a team.

从这次经历中,我学到了很多关于领导者的态度如何影响团队成员的知识。

高考It's surprising how much simple movements of the body can affect the way we think.

令人惊讶的是,身体的简单运动会对我们的思维方式产生多大的影响。

高考These actions have greatly affected the ecological balance.

这些行动极大地影响了生态平衡。

高考It is important to pay your electricity bill on time, as late payments may affect your credit.

按时支付电费是很重要的,因为延迟支付可能会影响您的信用。

六级Every thought that you have affect your body chemistry within a split second.

你的每一个想法都会在瞬间影响你的身体化学反应。

四级to see whether people's personality affects their life span to find out if one's lifestyle has any effect on their health to investigate the role of exercise in living a long lifeto examine all the factors contributing to longevity They have a good understanding of evolution.

为了了解人们的性格是否会影响寿命,为了弄清一个人的生活方式是否对他们的健康有任何影响,为了调查运动在长寿中的作用,为了研究所有导致长寿的因素,他们对进化有很好的理解。

六级Newsweek ranked 165 countries, looking at five areas that affect women's lives; treatment under the law, workforce participation, political power, and access to education and health care

《新闻周刊》对165个国家进行了排名,考察了影响妇女生活的五个方面;法律规定的待遇、劳动力参与、政治权力以及获得教育和医疗的机会

四级It was not known, however, whether central fatigue might also affect motor systems not directly involved in the exercise itself, such as those that move the eyes.

然而,尚不清楚中枢疲劳是否也会影响运动本身不直接参与的运动系统,例如移动眼睛的运动系统。

高考The researchers call the effect "Enclothed Cognition, " suggesting that all manner of different clothes probably affect our cognition in many different ways.

研究人员称这种效应为“遮盖认知”,表明各种不同的衣服可能以许多不同的方式影响我们的认知。

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affect

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