perpetual 

3898
CET6考研GREIELTS
单词释义
adj.永恒的,永久的,没完没了的,不间断的,持续的,长久的,一再反复的,无尽无休的,终身的
词根词缀记忆/谐音联想记忆 补充/纠错
词根per 贯穿,自始至终 + pet 追求 + ual …………
其他怎么记补充/纠错
联想记忆perpetual:永久的,不断的
每个(per)宠物(pet)都是我们永远的(ual)的朋友 …………
辨析记忆
permanent / eternal / perpetual / everlasting / endless
这些形容词均有“持久的,永久的”之意。
 …………
词根记忆 / 词缀记忆
perpetual a 永久的(per+pet+ual)
pet=seek,表示”追寻,寻求”
petition n 请愿,申请(pet+ition=追寻状态=请愿)
petitioner n 请愿者(petition+er)
appetite  …………
词组和短语补充/纠错
perpetual circulation 永久循环
perpetual monument of fame 不朽的名人纪念碑
单词例句
His life has been a perpetual nightmare.
他的生活一直是个重复不断的噩梦。
We perpetuate the myth of the lone genius. (perpetual)
我们使孤独天才的神话长存。
We suffer from perpetual hunger.
我们都一直忍饥挨饿。
Perpetual motion machines, though intriguing in theory, have yet to be proven feasible.
永动机在理论上引人入胜,但尚未被证实可行。
The sun provides us with perpetual energy, making it an ideal renewable resource.
太阳为我们提供了永恒的能量,使其成为理想的可再生能源。
Her love for music is perpetual; she never grows tired of playing the piano.
她对音乐的热爱是永恒的,从不厌倦弹钢琴。
The company's success is built on a perpetually evolving business model.
公司的成功建立在其不断演变的商业模式之上。
The maintenance of world peace is a perpetual challenge for international diplomacy.
维护世界和平是国际外交的永恒挑战。
The perpetuation of racial inequality remains a pressing issue in many societies.
种族不平等的持续存在仍然是许多社会紧迫的问题。
The athlete's dedication to training is perpetual, ensuring his top performance.
这位运动员对训练的献身精神是永恒的,确保了他的最佳表现。
In mathematics, the Fibonacci sequence is a perpetually increasing series.
在数学中,斐波那契数列是一个永恒递增的序列。
The pursuit of knowledge is a perpetual journey, with no end in sight.
追求知识是一场没有尽头的永恒旅程。
The memory of our ancestors is perpetuated through the stories and traditions passed down through generations.
我们祖先的记忆通过代代相传的故事和传统得以延续。
As an association of chefs, food and beverage professionals and foodies, Disciples d'Escoffier International aims at respecting culinary traditions, promoting a perpetual improvement of cooking practices, as well as sharing the knowledge and passion of gastronomy.
作为一个由厨师、餐饮专业人士和美食家组成的协会,Disciples d‘Escoffier International旨在尊重烹饪传统,促进烹饪实践的不断改进,并分享美食的知识和热情。
In addition, the central SOEs should work to resolve various risks, reduce the scale of perpetual bonds in an orderly manner, and bring the debt ratio of highly indebted subsidiaries to a reasonable level as soon as possible, Hao said.
此外,中央国有企业应努力化解各种风险,有序降低永续债规模,尽快将高负债子公司的负债率降至合理水平,郝说。
It includes a royalty-free perpetual and exclusive license of the Mead Johnson and Enfa family of brands (including Enfinitas, Enfamil and Enfagrow) in China.
The type of instruments to be issued will include corporate bonds, medium-term notes, short-term commercial papers, perpetual bonds and asset-backed bonds in the domestic and overseas markets, the company said.
Chandran Nair, founder and CEO of the Global Institute For Tomorrow, a think tank located in Hong Kong and Kuala Lumpur, warned that the "perpetual" growth driven by an economic model encouraging excessive consumption is not sustainable.
According to Zhu, Accenture is looking forward to exploring digital technologies to enhance operational efficiency and agility, support a new way of working with humans and AI, and maintain perpetual relevance through constant intelligent engagements.
There is perpetual demand for noodles from Chinese consumers, and many investors believe there is significant business growth potential for noodle restaurants and thus the sector is worthy of investment," said Zhu Danpeng, an independent food industry analyst.
The Switzerland-based company acquired the perpetual rights from Starbucks in 2018 to market Starbucks consumer packaged goods and food service products globally, outside of the company's coffee shops.
Homebuyers should realize that the era of perpetual rise in home prices has come to an end.
Shao noted each locale necessitates the preservation of distinctive local identities in parallel with perpetual cross-cultural learning.
- The People's Bank of China, China's central bank, conducted a central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Wednesday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds.
The CBS scheme allows dealers to swap the perpetual bonds they hold for central bank bills.
Perpetual bonds are fixed-income securities with no maturity date and are not redeemable but pay a steady stream of interest in perpetuity.
The People's Bank of China, or the central bank, conducted a central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Tuesday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds.
The CBS scheme allows dealers to swap the perpetual bonds they hold for central bank bills, which will boost market demand for perpetual bonds but have a neutral impact on liquidity in the banking system.
- The People's Bank of China conducted a central bank bills swap operation on Wednesday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds.
- The People's Bank of China conducted a central bank bills swap operation on Monday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds.
The People's Bank of China (PBOC) conducted a central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Thursday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds.
- The People's Bank of China, or the central bank, conducted this year's eighth central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Tuesday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
The People's Bank of China, or the central bank, conducted this year's seventh central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Friday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
Moreover, regulators should also relax restrictions on market access for small and mid-size banks, support them to issue preferred shares, perpetual bonds, convertible bonds and tier 2 capital bonds, and increase efforts to support more quality small and mid-size banks to have priority over others in going public, Dong said.
- The People's Bank of China, or the central bank, conducted this year's sixth central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Wednesday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
- The People's Bank of China, or the central bank, conducted this year's fifth central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Monday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
Chen added that the PBOC will strengthen support for banks to issue perpetual bonds that will enhance their lending capacity and promote fee reductions by financial institutions to alleviate burdens on enterprises and individuals.
The People's Bank of China, or the central bank, conducted this year's third central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Tuesday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
- The People's Bank of China, the central bank, conducted this year's 11th central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Tuesday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
The People's Bank of China, the central bank, conducted this year's ninth central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Wednesday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
- The People's Bank of China, the central bank, conducted this year's seventh central bank bills swap operation on Thursday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
The People's Bank of China, the central bank, conducted this year's sixth central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Friday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
- The People's Bank of China, the central bank, conducted this year's fifth central bank bills swap operation on Thursday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
The People's Bank of China, the central bank, said it will conduct this year's third central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Friday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
The People's Bank of China, the central bank, said it will conduct this year's first central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Friday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
In addition, China encouraged small and medium-sized commercial banks to replenish capital through multiple measures, including bringing in strategic investors and issuing perpetual bonds.
By the end of last year, commercial banks had issued 1.2 trillion yuan worth of perpetual bonds, a fixed income security with no maturity date, which helped banks to augment capital resources and increase lending to the real economy, the central bank said.
The People's Bank of China, the central bank, said it would conduct this year's 11th central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Friday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
- The People's Bank of China, the central bank, said it would conduct this year's tenth central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Wednesday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
"The four G-SIBs are expected to actively use the new capital instrument of perpetual bonds to strengthen their capital," said Yulia Wan, a senior analyst with Moody's.
In China, regulators have shortened the approval period for perpetual bonds issues, reduced entry barriers for issue of preferred shares and allowed eligible banks to use multiple capital replenishment instruments, Wan said.
- The People's Bank of China, the central bank, said it will conduct this year's eighth central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Thursday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
Perpetual bonds are fixed-income securities with no maturity date and are not redeemable but pay a steady stream of interests forever.
Liu urged banks to make use of instruments like local government special bonds, perpetual bonds and second-tier capital debt for supporting the real economy and small and medium-sized enterprises.
- The People's Bank of China, the central bank, said it will conduct this year's seventh central bank bills swap (CBS) operation on Thursday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
The CBS scheme allows dealers to swap the perpetual bonds they hold for central bank bills, which will effectively boost market demand for perpetual bonds but have a neutral impact on liquidity in the banking system.
China has allowed small and medium-sized banks to replenish capital by issuing perpetual bonds and preferred shares.
BEIJING-- The People's Bank of China, the central bank, on Monday conducted the sixth central bank bills swap (CBS) operation in 2020 to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
Apart from supporting commercial lenders in expanding channels for capital replenishment by issuing common shares, preferred shares, perpetual bonds and tier-2 capital bonds, it also encouraged local governments to help small and medium-sized banks replenish capital by raising funds in various ways.
A growing number of Chinese banks, especially small and medium-sized commercial lenders, are issuing perpetual bonds to replenish capital as part of concerted efforts to increase lending to small businesses amid the novel coronavirus outbreak.
A perpetual bond is a bond without a maturity date.
During the first five months of this year, 14 banks issued perpetual bonds worth 282.9 billion yuan ($39.7 billion).
Among them, 10 small and medium-sized commercial lenders, including Zhejiang Tailong Commercial Bank Co Ltd, Bank of Jiangsu Co Ltd and Shenzhen Rural Commercial Bank Co Ltd, issued 47.9 billion yuan of perpetual bonds, accounting for 17 percent of the total issuance volume, according to Wind, a financial data provider in China.
Both the number of banks that issued perpetual bonds and the issuance volume increased significantly on a yearly basis.
During the same period in 2019, Bank of China Ltd, a large State-owned commercial lender, and China Minsheng Banking Corp, a national joint-stock commercial lender, issued perpetual bonds of 40 billion yuan each.
The coupon rates of five-year perpetual bonds issued by small and medium-sized banks ranged from 3.8 percent to 5.8 percent in the first five months of this year, while large State-owned commercial lenders issued such bonds at coupon rates as low as 3.4 percent.
The scope of perpetual bond issuers has been expanding continuously.
MYbank, a privately owned online-only bank, received approval from the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission's Zhejiang office to issue up to 5 billion yuan of perpetual bonds, the office announced on May 20.
It became the first private bank that has got the green light to issue perpetual bonds.
As some perpetual bonds can be recorded as equity instruments in accounting books, issuing this type of bonds will lower the leverage of small and medium-sized banks, said Wang Gang, research fellow with the Research Institute of Finance under the Development Research Center of the State Council, in an article published in China Finance on Monday.
Compared with preferred shares, perpetual bonds have a lower cost of funds and a shorter issuance approval cycle.
Therefore, perpetual bonds are the best channel for unlisted small and medium-sized banks to replenish tier-1 capital, the primary funding source of banks, Wang said.
The China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission canceled requirements regarding issuer banks' assets and credit ratings, in addition to removing requirements that insurance funds only invest in tier-2 capital bonds with AAA credit ratings, and in perpetual bonds rated at least AA+.
The People's Bank of China, the central bank, conducted the fifth central bank bills swap (CBS) operation in 2020 Tuesday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
Last year, 15 banks, including five large State-owned commercial lenders and seven national joint-stock commercial lenders, issued perpetual bonds totaling 569.6 billion yuan.
The People's Bank of China, the central bank, conducted the third central bank bills swap (CBS) operation in 2020 on Wednesday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
Small and medium-sized commercial banks will be encouraged to issue perpetual bonds to augment their capital requirements and increase lending to small businesses, according to the banking and insurance regulator.
Since the beginning of this year, five unlisted city commercial lenders, namely Guilin Bank Co Ltd, Guangxi Beibu Gulf Bank Co Ltd, Bank of Huzhou Co Ltd, Bank of Dongguan Co Ltd, and Huarong Xiangjiang Bank Co Ltd, have received regulatory approval for the issuance of perpetual bonds totaling 18 billion yuan ($2.6 billion).
Postal Savings Bank of China Co Ltd, a large State-owned commercial lender, and Bank of Jiangsu Co Ltd, a regional joint-stock commercial lender headquartered in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, also received the green light this year to issue up to 80 billion yuan and 20 billion yuan of perpetual bonds, respectively.
The bill swaps allow dealers to swap the perpetual bonds they hold for central bank bills, which will effectively boost market demand for perpetual bonds but have a neutral impact on liquidity in the banking system.
Last year, 15 banks, including five large State-owned commercial lenders and seven national joint-stock commercial lenders, issued perpetual bonds amounting to 569.6 billion yuan.
The People's Bank of China, the central bank, conducted the second central bank bills swap (CBS) operation in 2020 on Friday to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
The People's Bank of China, the central bank, has conducted the first central bank bills swap (CBS) operation in 2020 to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
The CBS program allows dealers to swap the perpetual bonds they hold for central bank bills, which will effectively boost market demand for perpetual bonds but have a neutral impact on liquidity in the banking system.
To support liquidity and improve commercial bank's asset quality, the PBOC will supplement commercial banks' capital in 2020 through issuance of perpetual bonds — a credit instrument having no date to pay back.
The People's Bank of China, the central bank, has conducted the 7th central bank bills swap (CBS) operation to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
The People's Bank of China, the central bank, on Wednesday conducted the sixth central bank bills swap (CBS) operation to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
For example, the Bank of Taizhou is likely to become the first city commercial bank in China to issue perpetual bonds, a method to increase its capital, the bank's executives said.
Stricter capital management is also needed to boost smaller banks' capability to resolve financial risks, he added, noting that some smaller banks with good performance will likely accelerate their fundraising plans through initial public offerings while some will opt to issue perpetual bonds - a fixed income security with no maturity date - to replenish capital.
Regulators will encourage financial holding groups to replenish capital by making financial instruments, and one of the tools could be a perpetual bond, said analysts.
Multiple measures to supplement equity of these institutions are expected to lend a hand, such as enhancing the efficiency of perpetual bond issuance, and lowering the standards of issuing preference shares and convertible bonds.
To resolve the problem that participating in the program may harm banks' capital adequacy, regulators will support banks to issue perpetual debt - a type of debt without a maturity date - to replenish their capital.
As such, the PBOC is encouraging commercial banks to issue perpetual bonds and convertible bonds to supplement their capital.
The People's Bank of China (PBOC) on Thursday conducted a new central bank bills swap (CBS) operation in support of perpetual bonds issued by commercial banks.
Following the first CBS operation in February 2019, the new operation aims to "raise the liquidity of banks' perpetual bonds and support their issuance of perpetual bonds," the PBOC said.
In January, the Bank of China issued the first-ever perpetual bonds by a Chinese bank, which were oversubscribed by institutional investors.
The PBOC officials said that more perpetual bonds will be issued by commercial banks, to raise capital and strengthen the cushion against potential risks.
China Minsheng Banking Corp (CMBC) has been approved to issue a perpetual bond worth no more than 40 billion yuan ($5.88 billion), according to the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission (CBIRC).
It was the first perpetual bond ever issued by a Chinese joint-stock commercial bank, and the People's Bank of China will conduct a central bank bills swap (CBS) operation to support CMBC's issuance of the bonds, CBIRC said.
On Jan 28, the Bank of China issued the country's first perpetual bond worth 40 billion yuan in the interbank bond market with no maturity date and a nominal interest rate of 4.5 percent.
The People's Bank of China (PBOC) announced the operation Wednesday, which is designed to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds.
Dealers will be allowed to transfer perpetual bonds into central bank bills worth 1.5 billion yuan ($222 million) and hold the bills for one year with a fixed rate of 0.25 percent.
Perpetual bonds are often used to replenish capital for commercial banks and therefore have better financing capability to support the real economy.
As central bank bills can be pledged as collateral, the PBOC hopes the swap program will make perpetual bonds more attractive to dealers and improve market expectations.
Analysts said perpetual bonds, by replenishing bank capital, will effectively relieve the financing difficulties of the real economy, prompting stronger financial support for private companies -- small ones in particular.
The PBOC also stressed that the CBS is not quantitative easing, since it neither increases nor decreases in the monetary base, and the bank does not hold the ownership of perpetual bonds or take credit risks.
Commercial banks facing shortfall in meeting risk buffer requirementsChina's central bank launched its first swap program on Wednesday to transform 1.5 billion yuan ($223 million) of perpetual bonds into central bank bills, a measure to support recapitalization for commercial banks and cushion risks, according to an official statement.
The swap program is intended to improve the liquidity of perpetual bonds, or bonds with no maturity date, making them more attractive to investors and potentially cheaper for banks to issue, according to analysts.
A statement from the open-market operations office of the People's Bank of China, the central bank, said on Wednesday that primary dealers can shift perpetual bonds into central bank bills worth 1.5 billion yuan in total, for holding the bills for one year with a coupon rate of 2.45 percent.
Bank of China is currently the only issuer of perpetual bonds in China-40 billion yuan worth of the bonds were issued on Jan 25.
"Clearly the first swap is a small amount, compared with the potential issuance of perpetual bonds that could be more than 1.08 trillion yuan as we estimated," said Jiang Chao, an economist with Haitong Securities, an A-share listed brokerage.
From 2016 to 2018, the total perpetual bond issuance in global markets was about $100 billion, according to data collected by the PBOC.
Through the swap scheme, the central bank can provide liquidity to perpetual bond issuers, but without taking credit risks or providing base money, "thus it is not a measure of quantitative easing", said Sun Guofeng, head of the PBOC Monetary Policy Department.
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)
全部
六级
考研

六级Plagued by long delays, perpetual mismanagement, and ever saw ring costs, the airport has become something of a joke among Germans and a source of frustration for local politicians, business leaders and residents alike.

长期的延误、长期的管理不善以及曾经的环费困扰着这个机场,它已经成为德国人的笑柄,也成为当地政客、商界领袖和居民的沮丧之源。

2019年12月六级真题(第二套)听力 Section C

六级The perpetual argument is that funds are tight, that we have more pressing problems here on Earth.

一个永恒的论点是资金紧张,地球上还有更紧迫的问题。

2013年12月阅读原文

六级For those of us lucky enough to live that long,2056 will be a world of almost perpetual youth, where obesity is a remote memory and robots become our companions.

对于我们这些有幸活那么久的人来说,2056年将是一个几乎永远年轻的世界,在那里,肥胖是遥远的记忆,机器人成为我们的伴侣。

2008年6月英语六级真题

六级And how does it compare with the other, seemingly perpetual health scares we confront, like panic over lead in synthetic athletic fields?

它与我们面临的其他看似永恒的健康恐慌相比如何,比如在合成运动场上对铅的恐慌?

2009年12月英语六级真题

考研But it’s not as if earlier times didn’t know perpetual war, disaster and the massacre of innocents.

但这并不是说早期不知道永恒的战争、灾难和对无辜者的屠杀。

2006年全国硕士研究生招生考试英语试题

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