ability

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英音 [əˈbɪləti]   美音 [əˈbɪləti]  
高中CET4CET6考研TOEFLIELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
n.能力,能耐;才能
怎么记 纠错 +补充
词根able[abl,bili=able,表示"能力"]能够+lity(名词后缀)→能力
谐音我背了题→所…
单词例句
He suits with his ability.
以他的能力,他可以胜任。
The committee lacked a correct estimate of his ability.
委员会对他的能力缺乏正确的评价。
As to ability, I am not your match.
讲能力,我不如你。
f you have a musical ability, you should use it.
如果你有音乐的能力,你可以使用它。
拓展记忆
ability n 能力
ubl, bili=able,表示”能力”
able a 能够的
ability n 能力
habilitate v 装备,使具备能力(h可看作have+abilit+ate=有能力=使具备能力)
rehabilitate v 修复,翻新,使健康,改造(犯罪)(re重新+hubiliate具备能力)
debilitate v 削弱力量,使衰弱(de去掉+abilit+ate=去掉能力=使衰弱)
debility n 体弱,虚弱(de去掉+ability能力)
辨析记忆
ability / capacity / capability / genius / talent / competence / faculty / gift / aptitude
这些名词均可表示人的“能力,才能”之意。
ability → 普通用词,指人先天的或学来的各种能力。
capacity → 侧重指人的潜在能力,通常不指体力,多指才智,尤指接受与领悟能力。
capability → 多用于人,指胜任某项具体工作的能力,也指本身具有、尚未发挥的潜在能力。常与of或for连用。
genius → 语气最强,指天赋的高度才能与智力。
talent → 着重指人某方面具有可发展和倍养的突出天赋才能,但语意比genius弱。
competence → 正式用词,侧重指令人满意的业务能力与水平,达到胜任某项工作等的要求。
faculty → 指特殊的才能或智力。
gift → 着重个人的天赋的才能或在某方面的显著本领,常暗含不能用一般规律作解释的意味。
aptitude → 多指先天或后天习得的运用自如的能力,常暗示接受能力强,能迅速掌握一种学术训练或艺术技巧。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

六级Migrants to cities are attracted by plentiful jobs, access to hospitals and education, and the ability to escape the boredom of a farmer's agricultural life.

大量的工作、医院和教育,以及摆脱农民农业生活无聊的能力吸引着移民到城市。

高考If there is truly a concern about a professor's professionalism or ability, be sure to use online course evaluations to calmly offer your comments.

如果真的有人担心教授的专业性或能力,一定要使用在线课程评估冷静地提出你的意见。

四级While it may sound like an advantage to many, people with this rare condition often find their unusual ability burdensome.

虽然对许多人来说这听起来像是一种优势,但患有这种罕见疾病的人往往会发现他们非同寻常的能力是一种负担。

四级The author's experiment shows that students with a fixed mind-set believe having to work hard is an indication of low ability.

作者的实验表明,思维定势固定的学生认为必须努力学习是能力低下的表现。

考研To combat the trap of putting a premium on being busy, Cal Newport, author of Deep work: Rules for Focused Success in a distracted World, recommends building a habit of "deep work"—the ability to focus without distraction.

为了克服过分强调忙碌的陷阱,《深度工作:分心世界中专注成功的规则》一书的作者卡尔·纽波特建议养成“深度工作”的习惯——不分心专注的能力。

高考She also operates a website, where she shares her tips and recipes, with the goal of demonstrating that everyone has the ability to control what's on their plate.

她还开设了一个网站,分享她的秘诀和食谱,目的是证明每个人都有能力控制自己盘子里的食物。

四级This gives rats the ability to detect slight smells.

这使老鼠能够察觉轻微的气味。

四级John Nielsen, AAA’s managing director of automotive engineering and repair, said tests suggest drivers may be overestimating their own abilities.

AAA汽车工程和维修部总经理约翰·尼尔森(John Nielsen)表示,测试表明驾驶员可能高估了自己的能力。

四级A child's ability to become deeply absorbed in something, and derive intense pleasure from that absorption, is something adults spend the rest of their lives trying to return to.

孩子能够深深地专注于某件事,并从中获得强烈的快乐,这是成年人余生都在努力恢复的能力。

高考Children may have greater ability to figure out things than scientists.

儿童可能比科学家有更大的理解事物的能力。

高考But according to Anderson, the amount of time spent watching television is not related to reading ability.

但安德森认为,看电视的时间与阅读能力无关。

六级Psychologists call them "masters of deception", those rare individuals with a natural ability to tell, with complete confidence, when someone is telling a lie.

心理学家称他们为“欺骗大师”,当有人说谎时,这些人天生就有能力完全自信地说出谎言。

四级They had negative views of effort, believing that having to work hard was a sign of low ability.

他们对努力持否定态度,认为必须努力工作是能力低下的表现。

六级Nations are also pressing ahead with space research and satellite projects to expand their global navigation abilities.

各国也在推进空间研究和卫星项目,以扩大其全球导航能力。

六级They lack water-storing structures, and their existence on rock faces prevents them from tapping groundwater, so they have instead developed the ability to change their metabolism.

它们缺乏蓄水结构,而且它们在岩石表面的存在使它们无法开采地下水,因此它们反而发展了改变新陈代谢的能力。

六级Studies have found obesity is associated with impairments in cognitive functioning, as assessed by a range of learning and memory tests, such as the ability to remember a list of words presented some minutes or hours earlier.

研究发现,肥胖与认知功能受损有关,这是通过一系列学习和记忆测试评估的,例如记忆几分钟或几小时前出现的单词列表的能力。

四级What distinguishes children from adults is their strong ability to derive joy from what they are doing.

儿童与成人的区别在于他们从所做的事情中获得快乐的强大能力。

四级They can affect a person's ability to get a job and qualification for benefits.

它们会影响一个人获得工作的能力和获得福利的资格。

六级You believe you have leadership abilities and your boss put you in charge of a new work team.

你相信你有领导能力,你的老板让你负责一个新的工作团队。

四级The report's writers state that America's failure to invest in infrastructure impacts not only the health of the real-estate market, but also our ability to remain globally competitive.

报告作者指出,美国未能投资基础设施不仅影响房地产市场的健康,也影响我们保持全球竞争力的能力。

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